Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Saltillo Cemetery, Brown Township, Washington County, Indiana.
Jesse Locdkhart and his mother Mary E. Elliott Lockhart and probably his father Joseph are buried in this cemetery. I visited this cemetery about 55 years ago and remember my father saying that it was a very rainy (May 16, 1909) the day his father was buried.
Photo: flickr, Cindy 47452

Thursday, May 21, 2009

An email from Bobbi.....

Uncle Jon,
I will give you a correction on John. He lives in Arlington, Virginia. His main office is there also, but his work often takes him into Washington, D.C. The bank he works for has a branch office pretty much kiddy corner to the White House!
He recently visited Kelly in New York, and he tries to visit Jean, Karen, Robin, and Wally and his family on occasion also.
Thank you for posting Kelly’s email also. I am glad to hear she is back to full time work.
I did not know that Terri was not married. Thanks for sharing that information also.
You are keeping the family in touch with each other. How does it feel to be the great facilitator!?!?!?
On our end, my kids have been battling sinus infections. They are both on rounds of antibiotics and have missed a few days of school. We had a pretty healthy winter. You would think with summer being at our door step everyone would be over all of this, but it has been going around. Over Memorial Day Weekend, the kids and I are trying to squeeze in a quick trip to visit some of my family in southern Wisconsin.
Oh yes, we are foster caring a cat from the Hamilton County Humane Society. It has been awhile since I have been around a cat full time. She has a very sweet personality. The Humane Society is at capacity and is in desperate need of foster care homes and permanent adoptions.
That’s about it for now.
Be good,

Tuesday, May 19, 2009


Well, another embarrassment ! While looking for one family member, I stumbled across another completely unrelated to the one for which I was searching. And, just my luck, another preacher! I knew that I came from a rather strange family but the ratio of ministers, preachers and reverends has now become a total embarrassment! Oh well, I guess if you don’t have horse thieves or other felons in your line, you settle for a worse thing…..men of the cloth.

The relative that I stumbled across is the Reverend Henry Hager, a direct relative of Myers-Mendenhall side of the family and some of his descendants who, by the way, married into another line of the Myers-Mendenhall line. (Isn’t there some rule about marring cousins? Of course, along with religion, marrying cousins time after time might be some explanation of why I am the brilliant and handsome person that I am.) So, I have decided to take the easy route and discuss this 7th great grandfather of mine. Well, not that easy, I have had to read through about several hundred pages and sort out some inconsistencies in the information but since I have had nothing on this branch before, it is a start.

Most of the information below, edited, comes from, Genealogy of the Fishback Family in America, 1714-1914, published in 1914. The Fishbacks are 1st cousins, 6 times removed.

Johann Henrich Haegar was born at Antzhausen, September 25, 1644. He was the son of Henry Haeger, the school master at Antzhausen, a village about 5 miles due east of Siegen and one of the 27 villages of the parish of Netphen. Antzhausen was in the Catholic part of the county and during some of the troubles between the two faiths, about 1652-4, Henry Haeger moved with his family to the northwest of Siegen into the Protestant part of the county. Johann Henrich Haeger studied theology and on September 25, 1678, his thirty-fourth birthday, was appointed the third teacher in the Latin school at Siegen. Under the date of December 3, 1678, the following appears on the record of the Siegen School: 'The worthy and learned Mr. Henrich Haeger of Antzhausen was married to Anna Catharine, daughter of Jacob Friesenhagen, former Mayor of Freudenberg.' Freudenberg is about six miles a little northwest of Siegen. This union lasted more than fifty-four years, for the wife was living when Mr. Haeger made his will in April, 1733.

They had 12 children, all born at Siegen except the last, who was born at Oberfischbach. Apparently only three of Pastor Haeger's children survived. His family at Oberfischbach, shown in [p171] May, 1708 in a census list of the District of Freudenberg (Siegener Landesarchiv, 16, No. 4), consisted only of himself, his wife, his son Johann Friedrich, and his daughters Agnes Catharina and Anna Catharina, besides a manservant and two maids.

Ancestry and Descendants of the Nassau-Siegen Immigrants to Virginia 1714-1750, . Holtzclaw, 1964.

All the descendants of the 1714 colonists, John Fishback and John Huffman (Hoffman), by their first marriages, are also descended from Rev. Henry Haeger and his wife, Anna Catharine Friesenhagen, who also came over in 1714 with their two daughters, later Mrs. Fishback and Mrs. Huffman (Hoffman). Rev. Henry Haeger was born in Antzhausen in the Catholic part of Nassau-Siegen in 1644, and was christened at Netphen Aug. 27, 1644. His father, Henrich Haeger, was the schoolmaster at Antzhausen. Henry Haeger attended the Gymnasium or Latin School at Siegen as a young man, and from there went to the Herborn Paedogogium for further training, being admitted there April 16, 1668. He became a teacher in the Siegen Gymnasium in 1678, and married at Siegen Dec. 3, 1678 Anna Catharine Friesenhagen, daughter of Jacob Friesenhagen, decd., former Mayor of Freudenberg. She was born at Freudenberg May 24, 1663 and was thus nearly 20 years younger than her husband. Henry Haeger continued as a teacher of the third class in the Siegen Gymnasium until 1689, when he was promoted to the position of Conrector, or associate director of the school. He continued to hold this position until 1703, when he was appointed to the pastorate at Oberfischbach. Just before this date he published a book, a translation from the French, which is discussed in the Fishback genealogy. On April 3, 1711 he received permission to retire from the pastorate because of ill health, but this did not prevent him and his family from leaving Oberfischbach in the summer of 1713, and emigrating to the New World. Henry Haeger's full name was Johann Henrich Haeger (see 'History of the Higher School System of Siegen, 1636-1936,' p. 83, for this and other information about Henry Haeger's academic career). Rev. Henry Haeger died in 1737 in Prince William Co., Va., leaving his property to his wife, Anna Catharine, and to his Fishback and Huffman grandchildren. His wife was still living in 1733, when the will was written, but it is uncertain whether she survived him." Holtzclaw, p169.

The map above shows three towns in Germany that are mentioned in the two items above.

The next in this line is Anna Catharine Hager, born in Siegen and baptized on May 15, 1702. As stated above, she came to Virginia with her parents in 1714 and on November 7, 1721, she married another 1714 immigrant, John Hoffman, in Germantown, Virginia.
This John Hoffman was the brother (I hope this is correct….brother or cousin.) of John Henry Hoffman who came to Virginia later with a group of German immigrants who is another direct relative. Anna died on February 9, 1729 in Germantown, Virginia.

The next in line is Agnes Hoffman, daughter of the above Anna and John. Agnes was born on November 25, 1722 either in Germanna or Germantown, Virginia. She married Stephan Harnsberger probably in Germantown about 1741. Agnes died about 1750 in either Orange County or Culpeper County, Virginia.

I have included a chart here (above) to show that Johannes and Gertrud Reichmann Hofmann are my 6th and 7th great grandparents.

The following description of the Germanna Colony is taken from Genealogy of the Family in the United States, Kemper and Wright, 1899.

"Germanna is exactly located by Col. Wm. Byrd, in 1732, in his " History of the Dividing Line." Vol. II, p. 64. " The river winds in the form of a horseshoe about Germanna, making it a peninsula, containing about 400 acres. Rappahanock forks about fourteen miles below this place." Both branches of the river were originally called Rappahanock, the southern fork is now called Rapidan.
The earliest description of Germanna that has been found is in the diary of John Fountain. He with John Clayton and perhaps several friends, visited the settlement on November 20 and 21, 1715. He says : " About 5 P. M. we crossed a bridge that was made by the Germans, and about 6 we arrived at the German settlement. We went immediately to the minister's house ; we found nothing to eat, but lived upon our small provisions, and lay upon good straw. Our beds not being very easy, as soon as it was day we got up. It rained hard, notwithstanding we walked about the town, which is palisaded with stakes stuck in the ground, and laid close the one to the other, and of substance to bear out a musket shot. There are but nine families, and they have nine houses built all in a line, and before every house, about twenty feet distant from it, they have small sheds built for their hogs and hens ; so that hog styes and houses make a street. The place that is paled in is a pentagon very regularly laid out, and in the very center there is a block house made with five sides which answer to the five sides of the great in- closure ; there are loop holes through it, from which you may see all the inside of the inclosure. This was intended for a retreat for the people, in case they were not able to defend the palisades if attacked by the Indians. They make use of this block house for divine service. They go to prayers constantly once a day and have two sermons on Sunday........ We went to hear them perform their service, which was done in their own language, which we did not understand, but they seemed very devout, and sang the Psalms very well.
This town or settlement lies upon the Rappahanock River, thirty miles above the falls and thirty miles from any inhabitants. The Germans live very miserably. We would tarry here some time, but for want of provisions we are obliged to go. We got from the minister a bit of smoked beef and cabbage, which was very ordinary. We made a collection between us three, of about thirty shillings, for the minister, and about twelve of the clock we took our leave, and set out to return."
This is the earliest recorded description of a German Reformed Congregation, and the services carried on by it in the United States. At Germanna was preached the first sermon to a German Reformed Congregation in the United States, it was preached by the old pastor described in the above extract, Henry Hager, who was certainly the first German Reformed pastor in the United States."

If you were not following this, the minister mentioned above is Henry Hager, my 7th great grandfather.

It seems a rather bleak existence for the assembled group. Reverend Hager and his family left a rather comfortable life in Germany where he had two maids and a man servant to come to Virginia and eat cabbage and sleep on straw. It should also be remembered that Hager was a 70 year old ill man. The hardships seemed to help his condition and he lived to be about 93 years old. They did eventually prosper, purchased land and had farms and frame houses……at least his children and grandchildren did.

1733 WILL: Prince William County Virginia Will Book C 1734-1744. Abstracted and compiled by John Frederick Dorman 1956 pp. 25-26. Page 108 - Will of Henry Hager 10 Apr 1733 " Henry Hager, minister of the Word of God among the Germans at Licking Run in Prince William Co. Va. being sick and weak. Unto my loving wife Anna Catharine all my estate, goods, chattles whatsoever to her during her Natural life. Unto my grandaughter Anna Catharine Fishbach one cow and calf. After the decease of my wife Anna Catharine I will and ordain that all my estate, goods.& chattles whatsoever be then divided amongst my seven grandchildren - Anna Catharine Fishbach, John Frederick Fishbach, Elizabeth Fishbach, and Henry Fishbach, Agnes Hoffman, Anna Catharine Hoffman and John Hoffman. I do hereby revoke and make void all other and former wills and testements by me heretofore made.

H. Hager Verbi Dei Minister

Wittness: Jacob Holtzclaw

Johann Jost, Minister

Johannes Campes

It is believed that Hager died in 1737 and is buried in the Germantown cemetery, near what is now Crockett Park in Fauquier County, Virginia. His wife’s death date is unknown but it is generally assumed the she died a few years later.

Sunday, May 17, 2009

In a phone call this morning, Martha told me that Terri was married yesterday, May 16, 2009.

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Email from Kelly today.


The garden looks nice! We have had some nice days and a lot of rain too. One day was 90, felt like middle of July. Yes, the tree outside of my window has lots of green on it now.

I sent Karen an email but haven't heard back. I hope her brothers are helping out, and she's not having to do everything.

Went to the Design on a Dime event, which was on Thursday. My old boss sponsors it for charity. It was not as good as years past. Ty Pennington was there for Sears- from that Home Makeover show on Sunday nights. And, Jacklyn Smith was there- she looks like she hasn't aged. I didn't buy anything.

Today, I tried to go to this sample sale for Domino Magazine. That was that home magazine, and it went out of business. so the editors advertised the sale in the NY Times, and the line was 2 blocks long. I decided I didn't need a bargain that bad.

I am back to working 5 days a week, which I'm glad about. We're going to be pretty busy this summer.

Tuesday, May 5, 2009

I haven’t had a great deal of luck finding new information this month so, I’m just going to put in some documents that most of you may not have seen
The first item is the death certificate of Jesse H. Lockhart, my grandfather. Of note on this item is the cause of death. My father, Ralph, always said that his father died in a farming accident when a horse rolled over on him. I assume that the coroner did not agree. His age at death is listed as 38, he was in fact 39 years, 7 months and 4 days old.

The next four items are from the De Pauw and Gabbert families. Image right: Cover from the consent to marry for Thomas Gabbert and Polly (Mary Elizabeth De Pauw). Translation: Certificate from Charles De Pauw to m. Tomas Gabbert. Yes, I know it is written, "Tomas gebart’, but trust me.
These four images are from the Clerk’s office in Lincoln County, Kentucky and I have digitally cleaned them (somewhat) to remove some ink stains and smudges.
First image following page: Consent.

I hereby declare that I am willing and am fully satisfied that my daughter Polly should be united in the Bonds of Matrimony with Tomas gebert (Gabbert) given under my hand this 27 day of April 1807.
Witnesses: Signed
John DePauw Charles De Pauw
Jesse Brooks Reachel De Pauw
The above document and cover appears to be written in Charles’ hand and all four signatures to be by their own hands.
**** See note at end.
Image right: Cover for the marriage bond of Thomas Gabbert and Polly De Pauw.
Image next page: Copy of the marriage bond for Thomas Gabbert and Polly De Pauw. If you are wondering, Thomas and Polly are my 3rd great grandparents and Charles and Rachel (maybe) are my 4th great grandparents.
Translation from early 18th century Kentuckenese: (Your guess at the missing words is as good as my guess.)
Know all men by these presents that we Thomas Gabbert and Jesse Brooks are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency Christopher Greenup, Esq. in the sum of 50 Pounds current money for the payment of which to be made we bind ourselves *** firmly by these presents sealed with our seals and dated this 5th day of May 1807.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there has (been) a License issued from the Clerk’s office of the Lincoln County Court for a License
to issue for a Marriage intended between the above bound Thomas Gebert (Gabbert) and Polly De Pauw now should there be no legal cause to obstruct said Marriage that then this obligation to be void.
Witness: Signed:
Tho Helm Tho Gebert (Gabbert)
Jesse Brooks

Amanda Rogers Shull, mother of Martha Jane Shull (my grandmother), died on July 17, 1901 in Washington County, Indiana at 62 years of age. There is no official birth date for Amanda so the age of 62 on the death record is probably a guess. Cause of death is listed as bronchitis and tuberculosis. You may remember the first document in this letter lists the cause of death of her son-in-law, Jesse H. Lockhart, as pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an extremely contagious disease and there is a possibility here that one might have caught it from the other. The death record does not state where she is buried, however she is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem.
The mother of Amanda Rogers Shull (above) was Abigail Cloud Maxwell Rogers and was possibly the daughter of the following Joseph Cloud. It is known that Abigail was in Washington County from c. 1813 and he is the only male Cloud that appears on the 1820 and 1830 census for Washington County. It is known that Abigail was in Washington County because of an "Indian Scare" story written in about 1876 and mentions her as a small child. If you have not been privy to the story, I will (happily) email a copy. If you are wondering, she first married Caswell Maxwell in 1829 and had two boys. Caswell died April 5, 1836 and she married John Rogers in 1837 and he seems to have deserted the family prior to 1860 after having a girl (the above Amanda) and a boy.
The following is given in the section of Blue River Monthly Meeting Minutes and Marriages for the name Cloud: 9-7-1816, Joseph received in membership; 2-17-1817, Joseph appointed to committee on spiritous [sic] liquors; 1-4-1823, Joseph, Mt. Pleasant Preparative Meeting was complained of for striking a person and using profane language, condemned his conduct; 11-5-1825, Joseph, Mt. Pleasant Preparative Meeting was complained of for using violence against a fellow creature & using profane language, disowned. For the unknowing, these are Quaker records and the Blue River MM was in Washington County.
It was sometimes a Quaker habit to appoint a member to a committee when that member had a problem with which the committee dealt…..In other words, it sounds like Joseph
may have been a mean drunk.
Emily Jane Aton Shull, mother of Dawson (husband of the above Amanda) died in Salem on January 26, 1895 of heart failure at 87 years of age. While the official death record states 87, she was in fact only 83 years, 11 months and 24 days old when she died. She is also buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem. Emily was born in Adair County, Kentucky and was the daughter of Henry and Phoebe Aton.
Henry Aton died in Washington County prior to June 27, 1827 when probate was filed on his estate. He and his wife are buried in Peugh Cemetery, Monroe Township, Washington County. Their headstone reads "erected by Emily Shull: Henry Aton age 66, Phoebe Aton age 70". This might indicate Phoebe died about five years after Henry.
No, I do not know why Henry sold his land and house with possessions in 1803 but I do know that he was still living in Adair County and owned other property near Leatherwood (Creek) and a home there until after 1820 when he is listed on the census as Henery Ayton.
This Rachel (nee Young) De Pauw was believed to have died in November 1806. This information just adds to the confusion over the wives of Charles De Pauw. However, there is a marriage bond for Charles De Pauw and Peggy Randolph dated March 24, 1808, less than eleven months after Rachel (either his first or second wife) signed the above consent form.
And now for some laughs, I will relate this bit!!!! Please DO NOT TAKE THIS AS FACT!
I will now relate a short story (literary license invoked) about my Presbyterian ancestors…..
It seems that a certain Thomas Lockhart (Captain in the militia and Presbyterian elder), my 4th great grandfather, became infused with, for lack of a better phrase, the Holy Ghost during a Reformed service and jumped up on the back of the pew to declare, "My God is the one true God and pain and suffering to any Unbelievers!"
Poor Thomas was a bit advanced in age and less so in mental capacity, agility and balance. Poor, poor Thomas being unable to retain his balance fell across the pew in front of him causing discomfort to the assembled family of the Widow Scott. This caused the rather large and pompous Widow Scott to emit a rather unchurchly oath and to start swatting poor old Thomas with her paper fan which had the 10 commandants printed on it. After all, ‘Do unto others.’
Poor Thomas seemed to recover from his bumps and burses from the fall and swatting, but things were never quite the same. This event so embarrassed his sons that they seemed to move in mass to Indiana and other points west.
However, his son William, my 3rd g.g., seemed to recover fully from this event and after a few years (not wanting to run the risk of Presbyterian wrath) helped form what is today know as the Christian Church or the Church of God whichever.
Behave yourself in church and don’t jump up on the back of any of the pews especially on one of the days when you attend unclothed……as you have mentioned is your wont to
do. After all, I’m sure that there is a rather large and pompous "Widow Scott" seated somewhere in the congregation and I would not want you to cause any discomfort to the assembled causing you to have to found a new religion.

Well, I laughed anyway……….

Some additional De Pauw info from our Belgian cousin:
1. Livinus Joannes De Pauw (call name: Joannes so Jan Baptiste
+ Ghent, died 12 Apr 1777 as a widower in his house situated Korte Steenstraet in Ghent
and (+) H.Kerst parochie( Holy Saviour parish-Paroisse St.Sauveur)
2. His first wife: Adriana De Bruyckere + Ghent, died O4 Jun 1752 in the same place and was buried in the same parish cemetary.
3. His second wife: Maria Francisca De Pauw (call name:Appolonia)
+ Ghent, died 30 Sep 1756 in the same place and was also buried in the same parish cemetery.
#1. Father of Charles De Pauw.
#2. Father’s first wife.
#3. Father’s second wife and mother of Charles.

Monday, May 4, 2009

This newsletter will cover some of the hunt for the family of Mary E. Elliott, one of my great grandmothers. Not all searches for family members are successful. I will start with what is known about Mary herself and will start at the end of her life and try to work my way back. Death certificate above.

If I have not cautioned before, the information contained on an official document is only as good as the person’s memory that gives the information. In the case above, our informant is "NOT LISTED". The information that needs to have other sources to prove are Date of Birth and Father’s Name and the Birthplace of Father. Her date of birth listed on the 1900 census for Bono Township, Lawrence County is Nov. ‘32, good enough. Her father’s name and place of birth is not so easy as you will see further on in this missive.
I will mention the cause of death, "Remittent Fever". This seems to have been a 19th century diagnosis with symptoms close to malaria. Of course, I have very limited medical knowledge.
Before I proceed very far away from this part, I want to mention the two following records. This information is from "Records of Brown Township" (available in PDF format by searching Google Advanced) Part 6: Casket Lists-Strattan Brothers- 1906-1910 and Part 10: Strattan Brothers Account Book 1906-1910. Strattan Brothers was a hardware store located in Campbellsburg, Brown Township, Indiana.
Lockhart, Mrs. Joseph---casket prior to March 9, 1906 (?)
Lockhart, Mrs. Joseph March 9, 1906 - Jan. 28, 1909
Since the accounts of Strattan Brothers are available only for the years 1906-1910, it would appear that Mary E. Elliott Lockhart’s (Mrs. Joseph) casket was purchased from them in 1905 but not paid for until a later date.
Mary was buried in Saltillo Cemetery, the same cemetery in which her son, my grandfather Jesse, was buried. I can find no record for the death of Mary’s husband Joseph but he died some time between the 1880 census and the 1900 census (as I have stated before, there is no remaining 1890 census). If I were taking bets, I would bet that Joseph is also buried in Saltillo Cemetery. There are no headstones for any of them.
There is a directory for Lawrence County in 1890 with the following list:
This taken from a genweb site for Lawrence Co., Ind.. Taken from a "City Directory"? No other source given. Their parents Joseph and Mary E. were not listed.
B. F. Lockhart (Benjamin Frank(lin) J. H. Lockhart (Jesse H., My grandfather)Occupation: Common laborer Occupation: Common laborer Home Address: Bono Ind. Home Address: Bono Ind. City: Lawrence City: Lawrence State: Indiana State: Indiana Year: 1890 Year: 1890Comment: Bono, lot 107
This is an indication that Lockharts had moved to Bono by this time and that Joseph was dead.****NOTE AT END.
The census page for 1900 is hard to read but if you look closely, you will see that both Benjamin (the son) and Mary E. are renting farms. This is another indication that the Lockharts had moved to Bono by 1890 and were living there, probably, when Joseph died.
I have mentioned the birth date, also of interest are her next door neighbors, The Howards, are Mary’s daughter Rachel and her husband Leonard and their children. Another point is that all of the listed Lockharts could read and write, no big deal today but in that place and time, it was. Another thing to notice is the listed birthplace of her parents, Indiana. On her death record her father is listed as born in Pennsylvania. Keep this in mind because on other records the name of the state changes as well as the name of her father.
Image above: Obit for Elizabeth A. Elliott Douglas who is believed to have been Mary E.’s sister. The important information, for my purpose, is that she was born near Canton (Washington Township, Washington County, Indiana) in 1823, she married William Douglas in 1843 and she is survived by a brother in Iowa, one in Indianapolis and sisters in Orange (Sarah) and Lawrence Counties (Mary). There is no official record of her death filed in Washington County. At this point, there is no proof that she was born near Canton nor, for that matter, in Washington County, but Indiana does seem to be a safe bet.
It is also of some interest that she was buried in Mt. Zion Cemetery. If you have read the letters, you know that Dawson Shull is also buried there and that Jesse Lockhart and his second wife, Martha Jane Shull, were married by the minister of Mt. Zion. (As a digression here, Jesse’s first wife was a woman by the name of Dora who died in Washington Township, Washington County on September 26, 1896 of diphtheria and is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem. A search of marriage indexes in Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky and Ohio listed no marriage for Jesse and Dora.)
Another woman believed to have been Mary’s sister is Sarah Elliott. Sarah was born February 21, 1825 and married James Crocket in Washington County on January 3, 1847. The Crockets soon settled in North East Township, Orange County. Sarah died there on January 22, 1906 and is buried in Trimble Cemetery. Refresh your memory and re-read the obit for Elizabeth A. (Elliott) Douglas, "a sister in Orange (County)".
Part of a biography or James Crockett taken from USGenNet:
"for his second wife Mr. Crockett married Sarah, daughter of William and Mary Elliott, by whom he became father of the children here named: Mary E., Robert N., Martha E., William A., James T., Emma and John. The mother was born February 22, 1822."
Line from the 1900 census for North East Township, Orange County, Indiana.
Crockett Sarah Wife W F Feb 1825 75 M 53 7 6 IN PA PA . . . . . . Yes Yes Yes . . . . .
Okay, if you are reading this carefully, the bio states that Sarah’s parents are William and Mary, it also states that Sarah was born in Indiana in February 22, 1822. However, the census record states that she was born Feb. 1825. The census also states that both parents were born in Pennsylvania.
Okay the simple thing to do here is to contact Orange County and ask for an official death report for Sarah to see if you could confirm a connection. Well, it seems that no death report was filed. I mention this because, at the time, this area of Indiana was (Well, being kind.) remote. There was a law on the books since 1882 to make official reports on deaths, however in this area, some people either did not know the law or simply did not bother to make a report.
Yet another woman believed to have been a sister of Mary’s was Nancy Elliott. Nancy was born about 1825. There is a marriage license for Nancy Elliott and John S. Ruberson issued in Orange County on August 1, 1850. A check of the census suggests that she died some time around 1860, possibly in Indiana or Illinois.
The two brothers listed in Elizabeth Elliott Douglas’ obit are believed to have been John and William and are even harder to account for than the sisters. Referring back to the obit for Elizabeth Elliott Douglas, it mentions a brother in Indianapolis. There is a John Elliott in Perry Township, Marion County, Indiana listed on the 1900 census (of the correct age) but no death record listed at the Marion County Health Department (of the correct age) to check. Of course, the obit was written in 1896 and both brothers were older than Elizabeth (probably) and could have died prior to the 1900 census.
Okay, now back to Mary. The next available record is the 1880 census where we find Mary and Joseph living in Brown Township, Washington County. Also listed are five children: Franklin b. 1854, Rachel b. 1865, Dora E. b. 1866, Jessie H. b. 1871 and Effie R. b. 1876. The census states that Mary’s father was born in Kentucky and her mother born in Tennessee. Another child, William C., is listed as living in Mitchell, Lawrence County.
The 1870 census taken on the 8th of June 1870 finds Mary and Joseph living in Vernon Township, Washington County (Post Office, Lavonia.) with their children: Franklin17. William C. 15, Sarah A. 12, Rachel 5 and Elizabeth 4. If you compare the children from
the 1880 census you will see that Dora E. on 1880 and Elizabeth on 1870 were both born in 1866 so, I assume that they are one in the same person.
Moving on, literally and figuratively, the 1860 census lists Mary, Joseph and family in North East Township, Orange County, Indiana with children Franklin, William and Sarah. The family was living next door to John and Polly Ann Walker Elliott, perhaps her brother.
Another image above is a page from the official book of marriages of Washington County. This portion of the page states that a license was issued to Joseph Lockhart and Mary E. Elliott on August 2, 1852. Two other things to note, the last part of the license was not filled out so it unknown what date they were married and by whom and the license was signed by W(ashington) C(harles) DePauw, a cousin of Joseph.

The Washington Township, Washington County 1850 census (Household 359) lists the following:
Douglas, William 29 IN Farmer
Elizabeth 27 IN
James. H 6 IN
Mary J. 3 IN
Nancy M. 1 IN
Mary E. Elliot 18 IN (Elizabeth Elliott Douglas appears to be Mary's sister.)
All of the individuals were born in Indiana.
Now, another digression, my quest for the family of Mary E. Elliott Lockhart started a few months ago when I contacted Cindy Holsapple-Boone about her connections to the Elliott family of Washington County. Mrs. Holsapple-Boone was kind enough to send

some letters that she had received from other Elliott relatives. In a letter dated June 18, 1988 from Lila R. Pollick of California it states in part, that, "In a letter from Lena Clark to Clarence Douglass (I think) it was stated that Elizabeth had three sisters, Nancy m. Nate Ruberson; Sarah m. Crocket and Mary m. Lockhart. It also stated that she had two brothers namely John and William. She says that the parents were William and Mary Elliott."
So, we have Mary E. born in Indiana, her mother maybe named Mary born in Pennsylvania or Tennessee and her father probably named John or William born in Indiana, Kentucky or Pennsylvania.
Part of the information is this letter comes from a distant cousin, Cindy Holsappel-Boone, who is related through the Elliott line (probably) and the De Pauw line (definitely). In other words, we are distant, double cousins (probably).

**** NOTE: Washington County has kept records of deaths since 1882 but not all deaths are recorded. Saltillo Cemetery has records, but it seems only for deaths in Washington County. It therefore makes some sense to assume that Joseph died prior to 1882 in Brown Township or after 1882 in Lawrence County.


Sunday, May 3, 2009


In my last letter, I stated that the Wynge family was one of the most interesting family groups to which I am related. Of course, the word "interesting" is a code word for the phrase "nuttier that a fruit cake" and to confirm that statement, this letter will cover some of the life of the Reverend Stephen Bachiler. While I find some of his religious beliefs an embarrassment, his "contrariety" does seem to explain some of my own behavior. Bachiler was born in England about 1561, his birth location and parents are unknown at this time.
Most of the information is from: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (Online database: NewEnglandAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002), (Orig. Pub. New England Historic Genealogical Society. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 3 vols., 1995). My comments are marked (*).
Additional information: http://www.hampton.lib.nh.us/HAMPTON/biog/bachilertoc.htm
Stephen Bachiler led a most interesting life, filled with unusual twists and turns far beyond the norm. In the ensuing paragraphs we take a chronological tour of his nine decades, attempting along the way to resolve certain problems of interpretation. Stephen Bachiler entered college about 1581, and received his B.A. in 1586. On 17 July 1587 he was presented as vicar of Wherwell, Hampshire, and remained at that parish until he was ejected in 1605 [ NEHGR 46:60-61, citing Winchester diocesan records] (*Bachiler was also excommunicated from the Church of England). Bachiler began his long career of contrariety as early as 1593, when he was cited in Star Chamber (*Refers to an English court of law that sat at the royal Palace of Westminster until 1641.) for having "uttered in a sermon at Newbury very lewd speeches (*I had hoped to find a copy of the "lewd speeches" to include, but they, it seems, are no longer in existence.) tending seditiously to the derogation of her Majesty's government" (*Refers to Queen Elizabeth I)
[ NEHGR 74:319-20]. Upon the accession of James I as King of England, nearly a hundred ministers were deprived of their benefices between the years 1604 and 1609, and among these, as noted above, was Stephen Bachiler [Kenneth Fincham, Prelate as Pastor: The Episcopate of James I (Oxford 1990), p. 326].
Bachiler’s first marriage was about 1590 to [Anne?] _____, who was closely related in some way to Reverend John Bate, Bachiler's successor as vicar of Wherwell; she died sometime between 1610 and 1624. (Although this first wife's given name is stated to be "Anne" by many authorities, there is no record evidence to support this.) The known children from this marriage:
i NATHANIEL, b. about 1590;
ii DEBORAH, b. about 1592 (aged 32, 22 June 1624 [ Waters 520]); m. by 1611 John
Wing [ Waters 519-20]; she and her children came to New England in 1632 and resided at Sandwich. (*Our direct relative.)
iii STEPHEN, b. about 1594; matriculated at Oxford 18 June 1610 from Magdalen College, aged 16, son of a minister, from Southampton [i.e., Hampshire] [ Foster 1:53]; "Stephen Bachiler of Edmund Hall" was ordained deacon at Oxford 19 September 1613 [Bishop's Register, Diocese of Oxford]; with his father, accused in 1614 of circulating slanderous verses; no further record.
iv SAMUEL, b. say 1597; lived at Gorcum in Holland, where he was a minister, and had a wife and children
v ANN, b. about 1601 (aged 30 in 1631 [ Waters 520]); m. (1) by about 1620 _____ Samborne; m. (2) Strood, Kent, 20 January 1631/2 Henry Atkinson.
vi THEODATE, b. say 1610; m. by about 1635 Christopher Hussey.
Bachiler was living at Wherwell late in 1606 when he was a legatee in the will of Henry Shipton [ NEHGR 74:320]. A case in Star Chamber in 1614 still refers to Bachiler as of Wherwell, and adds much other useful information about the family. George Wighley, a minister and Oxford graduate, accused Stephen Bachiler of Wherwell, clerk, Stephen Bachiler, his son, John Bate of Wherwell, clerk, and others of libeling him, by means of verses ridiculing him. In the course of the complaint Wighley quotes John Bate as saying he would keep a copy of the poem "as a monument of his cousin's the said Stephen Bacheler the younger his wit, who is in truth his cousin" [Star Chamber Proc. James I 297/25, 1614]. (*In one biography of Bachiler, these three are described as doing a dance while singing the poem. Now I don’t know about you, but I always get a good laugh, well at least a broad smile, while thinking about these three Puritan clerics, dressed in very black clothes, large white collar and a wide brim black hat and dancing around singing a verse of poetry that degrades another minister.)
On 28 April 1614 Stephen Bachiler was a free suitor (*freeholder) of Newton Stacey at the view of frankpledge (*This term is a goody! And, I will leave you to decide what it means.) of the Barton Stacey Manorial Court, and was a free suitor of Barton Stacey at the court of 2 October 1615.
On 19 February 1615[/6?] Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverell, Essex, bequeathed £5 to "Mr. Bachelour," and Stephen Bachiler was one of the witnesses [ Waters 518-19]. On 11 June 1621 Adam Winthrop, father of Governor John Winthrop, reported that "Mr. Bachelour the preacher dined with us" at Groton, Suffolk [ WP 1:235]. Although this might conceivably be the younger Stephen Bachiler, who had been ordained as a deacon late in 1613, the man referred to in these records is more likely the elder Stephen. Since he is well recorded as a resident of Newton Stacey both before and after this time, he must have made occasional visits to East Anglia.
The Hampshire feet of fines (*A popular way of conveying freehold property,)
show that "Stephen Bachiler, clerk," acquired land in Newton Stacey in 1622 and 1629, and sold it in 1630 and 1631 [ Batchelder Gen 76-77]. While at Newton Stacey (a village within the parish of Barton Stacey) Bachiler had managed to incite the parishioners of Barton Stacey to acts that came to the attention of the sheriff, who petitioned for redress to the King in Council; the complaint described Bachiler as "a notorious inconformist"
[ NEHGR 46:62, citing Domestic Calendar of State Papers, 1635]. In summary, while there are gaps in the English career of Bachiler, it would appear that he lived at Wherwell for most of the years from his induction there in 1587 until 1614, and that he then resided in Newton Stacey from 1614 until 1631, shortly before his departure for New England.
(*This story is not exactly chronological, but I am sure that you will forgive me!)
"The year of Mr. Bachelor's departure from England Sir Robert Paine was Sheriff of Hampshire, and was also chosen churchwarden of the parish of Barton Stacey, which adjoined the parish of Wherwell, — where Mr. Bachelor had been the minister. At any rate Sir Robert, three years later, found himself in very serious difficulties which he ascribed to the influence of the teaching of Mr. Bachelor as follows:
1635, Dec. 1. Petition of Sir Robert Paine to the same [i.e. the Council]. Petitioner being in 1G32 Sheriff of Hants, was also chosen Churchwarden of Barton Stacey1 in the same county, and finding the church and chancel ruinous and indecent, at his own charge beautified some part thereof, intending and offering fair hangings for the chancel. But some of the parishioners, petitioner's tenants, having been formerly misled by Stephen Bachelor, a notorious inconformist, had demolished a consecrated chapel at Newton Stacey, neglected the repair of their parish church, maliciously opposed petitioner's intent, and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the bishop. There being divers suits in the ecclesiastical and temporal courts between petitioner and Robert Cooper and others, his tenants of the manor of Barton Stacey, the Lords on complaint directed three trials at law, and in the meantime ordered all the suits to be stayed. Petitioner has conformed to that order, but his tenants have slighted the same, and have sued him in the Ecclesiastical Court at Winchester, presented him in the Archbishop's metro political visitation, and served him with a subpoena for costs for not filing a bill against them in the Star Chamber. Prays that he may be allowed to proceed against them in the High Commission upon articles exhibited two years ago." The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, V. XII, 1911, citing Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1695, pp. 520-521. (*I could not find a record of the neglected repair and demolition however I did find in the history section of All Saints, Barton Stacey (Photo above) the following: "1635 All Saints at Barton Stacey, The church is noted as being in a "ruinous state". So, I guess that not only did Bachiler make very lewd speeches, sing and dance to verse, he also incited to riot. Sounds like a relative of mine!)
Bachiler’s second and third marriages: 2) Abbots Ann, Hampshire, 2 March 1623/4 Christian Weare, widow [ GDMNH 81]; she died before 26 March 1627.
(*Some bios do not claim Weare as a wife of Stephen, however there is an entry at Abbots Ann for this marriage.)
(3) Abbots Ann, Hampshire, 26 March 1627 Helena Mason, widow (of Reverend Thomas Mason) [ GDMNH 81]; she was aged 48 in 1631, so born about 1583 [ Waters 520]; died by 3 May 1647 [ WP 5:153].
Bachiler apparently lived briefly at South Stoneham, Hampshire, after disposing of his land at Newton Stacey, for that is the residence he gave for himself and wife on 23 June 1631 when he was applying for permission to travel to Flushing in Holland "to visit their sons and daughters" [ Waters 520]. (*There is some discussion if the English government wanted to let him out of the country or else, once out of the country, whether to let him back into the country. I could not find proof that he ever went to Holland.)
At about this same time Stephen Bachiler allied himself with a group of London merchants to form the Plough Company, which had obtained a grant of land in the neighborhood of Saco (Present day Maine.). The Plough Company managed to send two groups of settlers to New England, in the Plough in 1631 and the William & Francis in1632 (*Governor Winthrop records Batchiler’s arrival on the W & F on June 5, 1632.), but they were never able to occupy their patent, and the company soon failed. (For a full account of this ill-starred enterprise, see V.C. Sanborn, "Stephen Bachiler and the Plough Company of 1630," The Genealogist , New Series, 19 [1903]:270-84, and the sources cited there.)
Shortly after his arrival in New England in 1632, Stephen Bachiler settled at Saugus (later to be called Lynn), where he immediately began to organize a church. Over the next four years Bachiler and a portion of his congregation were repeatedly at odds with the rest of the congregation and with the colony authorities, and by early 1636 Bachiler had ceased to minister at Lynn [ GMN 1:20].
After his departure from Lynn, Bachiler is supposed to have resided in Ipswich, and to have received a grant of land there in 1636 or 1637, but no contemporary evidence for this has been found. Bachiler's next adventure occurred in the winter of 1637/8, for Winthrop tells us in his journal, in an entry made in late March of that year, that "Another plantation was now in hand at Mattakeese [Yarmouth], six miles beyond Sandwich. The undertaker of this was one Mr. Batchellor, late pastor of Sagus, (since called Lynn), being about seventy-six years of age; yet he walked thither (*Does anyone know how to walk thither?) on foot in a very hard season. He and his company, being all poor men, finding the difficulty, gave it over, and others undertook it" [ WJ 1:313].
Bachiler then resided for about a year at Newbury, where he received a grant of land on 6 July 1638. Bachiler also seems to have been able to organize a church at Newbury (or to keep in existence the church that he had earlier organized at Lynn). In a letter dated 26
February 1643/4 the minister, recounting his various experiences in New England, told how "the Lord shoved me thence [i.e., after his arrival in 1632, and the failure of the
Plough Company] by another calling to Sagust, then, from Sagust to Newbury, then from Newbury to Hampton" [ WP 4:447]. Later in 1644 Winthrop pointed out that "Mr.
Batchellor had been in three places before, and through his means, as was supposed, the churches fell to such divisions, as no peace could be till he was removed" [ WJ 2:216-17]. These records indicate that Bachiler headed churches in three towns (Lynn, Newbury and Hampton), or possibly that the church organized in Lynn had a continuous existence as it moved to Newbury and then to Hampton [see GMN 4:20-21 for a more detailed discussion of these possibilities]. Above is a map of Old Hampton showing Bachiler’s residence underlined in red and Timothy Dalton’s residence to the right marked with a red star.
In the summer of 1639 Stephen Bachiler and some other families, many of them from Newbury, began the settlement of Hampton, and Bachiler was soon joined there by Reverend Timothy Dalton, who shared the pulpit with him. As had happened throughout his life, controversy soon arose. In 1641 Winthrop reported that Bachiler "being about 80 years of age, and having a lusty comely woman to his wife, did solicit the chastity of his neighbor's wife" [ WJ 2:53], and this led to an attack on him by Dalton and a large portion of the Hampton congregation. These charges were apparently not resolved at the
time, but in 1643-4, when the town of Exeter invited Bachiler to be their minister, the

affair was raised again, and this was sufficient to prevent his removal to that church [GMN 4:21-22]. (*Apparently Reverend Dalton prevailed at the time and had Bachiler excommunicated from this church. Good track record, Bachiler in 1605 had been excommunicated from the Church of England and now the Congregational Church. He was also apparently reinstated in the Church within two years.) (*"did solicit the chastity of his neighbor's wife"!!! HA, HA, HA!, why you old dog you! It is only fair to state that this allegation does not seem to have been proven.)
Stephen Bachiler’s 4th marriage:
4) by 14 February 1648 Mary (_____) Beedle, widow of Robert Beedle [ Kittery Hist 95-96]; she soon left her husband, and cohabited with George Rogers at Kittery. (*Now this story is just too funny! I will keep a straight face and make only sparse comments, you fill in the gaps.)
At about this time Bachiler's ministry at Hampton ceased, and he soon moved to Strawberry Bank [Portsmouth], where he remained until his return to England. On 9 April 1650 at a Quarterly Court held at Salisbury, "Mr. Steven Bacheller [was] fined for not publishing his marriage according to law." At the same court it was ordered "that Mr. Bacherler and Mary his wife shall live together, as they publicly agreed to do, and if either desert the other, the marshal to take them to Boston to be kept until next quarter Court of Assistants, to consider a divorce.... In case Mary Bacheller live out of this jurisdiction without mutual consent for a time, notice of her absence to be given the magistrates at Boston" [ EQC 1:191].
On 15 October 1650 at a court at York "George Rodgers & Mrs. Batcheller [were] presented upon vehement suspicion of incontinency for living in one house together & lying in one room" [ MPCR 1:146]. At a court at Piscataqua [i.e., Kittery] on 16 October 1651 the grand jury presented "George Rogers for, & Mary Batcheller the wife of Mr. Steven Bacheller minister for adultery"; George Rogers was to have forty strokes, and Mary Bachiler "for her adultery shall receive 40 strokes save one at the first town meeting held at Kittery six weeks after the delivery & be branded with the letter A" [MPCR 1:164].
Stephen Bachiler returned to England after these events, and most secondary sources claim that he made that trip in 1654 when his grandson Stephen Samborne returned to England. On 2 October 1650 "Steven Bachiler" witnessed a deed between Christopher Hussey (grantor) and Steven Sanborn and Samuel Fogg (grantees) [ NLR 1:19]; this is the last certain record of Bachiler in New England (unless the "Mr. Batchelder" who was presented at court on 28 June 1652 for being illegally at the house of John Webster is our man [ NHPP 40:87-88]). (*The record does not state if this offence was trespass or robbery, but it sounds like our Stephen.)
Although a number of records in New England between 1651 and 1654 mentioned
Stephen Bachiler, none of them necessarily implies that Bachiler was still in New
England, and a few indicate that he was not in close proximity to the courts in question. In a court held at Hampton on 7 October 1651, Francis Pebodie sued Tho[mas] Bradbury for "issuing an illegal execution, for or in behalf of Mr. Batcheller, against the town of Hampton" [ EQC 1:236]. On 14 October 1651 the Massachusetts Bay General Court ordered that "in answer to a petition preferred by several of the inhabitants of Hampton, for relief in respect of unjust molestation from some persons there pretending power for what they do from Mr. Batchelor, it is ordered, that whatsoever goods or lands have been taken away from any of the inhabitants of Hampton, aforesaid, by Edward Calcord or Joh[n] Sanbourne, upon pretence of being authorized by Mr. Batchelor, either with or without execution, shall be returned to them from whom it was taken, & the execution to be called in, & no more to be granted until there appear sufficient power from Mr. Batchelor to recover the same, to the County Courts, either of Salsbury or Hampton" [ MBCR 3:253]. Apparently John Sanborn and others were pursuing the interests of Stephen Bachiler in his absence, but without a proper power of attorney. It might be argued that he was in Strawberry Bank [Portsmouth], but unable to come to Hampton, but there is no indication that he was ill or unable to travel at any time in his long life, and the more likely explanation is that he was already in England by October of 1651. At a court held at Hampton on 3 October 1654 "Mr. Batcheller's letter of attorney to Mr. Christopher Hussie [was] approved" [ EQC 1:372]. (*Even while Bachiler was no where in sight, he was still causing problems.)
Stephen Bachiler died in London and was buried on 31 October 1656 [ NHGR 8:14-17]. Among many remarkable lives lived by early New Englanders, Bachiler's is the most remarkable. From 1593, when he was cited before Star Chamber, until 1654, when he last makes a mark on New England records, this man lived a completely independent and vigorous life, never acceding to any authority when he thought he was correct. Along
with Nathaniel Ward of Ipswich, Stephen Bachiler was one of the few Puritan ministers active in Elizabethan times to survive to come to New England. As such he was a man out of his times, for Puritanism in Elizabethan times was different from what it became in the following century, and this disjunction may in part account for Bachiler's stormy career in New England [Simon P. Newman, "Nathaniel Ward, 1580-1652: An Elizabethan Puritan in a Jacobean World," EIHC 127:313-26]. But Nathaniel Ward did not have anything like as much trouble, and most of Bachiler's conflicts may be ascribed to his own unique character.
Earliest surviving parish register of Allhallows Staining (MS 17824), Steeven Batchiller Minester that dyed att Robert Barbers was buryed in the new church yard Octob 31th 1656"
Receipts by Richard Pockley, churchwarden:
"Received for Stephen Bachilers knell 000 - 01 - 06"
Additional notes:
The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume LXXIV, 1920, pages 319-320. In the printed volumes Acts of the Privy Council, , meeting of the Council in the Star Chamber on May 29, 1593, the following entry is recorded:
"A letter to the Lord Bishop of Winton, Mr Doctor Bilson and the rest:
"Whereas we perceave by your letters of the xxvijth of this presente month and the examinacions therewith sent, that Steven Bachiler, vicar of Wherwel in your Dioces, hath uttered in a sermon at Newbuiry verie lewd speeches tending sediciously to the derogacion of her Majesties government, and that you have examined and committed him til farther direction from us in this behalf:
"Theis shalbe to praie and require your Lordship &c., to send the said Stephen Bachiler under safe custodie up hither to me the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury with such further mater and proof as hath sithhene fallen owt, to be proceded with according the nature and qualitie of his offene and the laws of this realm:
"So, not doubting of your care in the due performaunce hereof, etc."
(*The above letter was written by the Archbishop of Canterbury, John Whitgift. Whitgift was not known for his leniency in church nor government matters. In 1593, the year that he summoned Bachiler hither under safe custody, he got a law passed making Puritanism an offence against the statute law and had a Welsh cleric hung for criticizing the Church. I do wonder what Bachiler was thinking while going "hither", under arrest. There seems to be no additional information on this proceeding but Bachiler returned to his parish at Wherwell and remained in office until 1605, so he either did some very fast talking or had friends in high places. Not wanting to assume too much: Hither, Middle English, adverb: To or toward this place.)
Following is the official entry in the records for George Rogers and Mary Bachiler.
The case of the woman branded for adultery first appeared in the records of York, in what is now Maine. Dated 15 October 1651, the entry reads:
"We do present George Rogers for, & Mary Batchellor the wife of Mr. Steven Batcheller minister for adultery. It is ordered by ye Court yt George Rogers for his adultery with mis Batcheller shall forthwith have fourty stripes save one upon the bare skine given him: It is ordered yt mis Batcheller for her adultery shall receive 40 stroakes save one at ye First Towne meeting held at Kittery, 6 weekes after her delivery & be branded with the letter A."
Few original references to Bachiler's early life in England have come down to us. In Winthrop's "History of New England," in the account of Bachiler's excommunication from the Hampton church, it is said that he "had suffered much at the hands of the bishops in England." Thomas Prince, in his short account of Bachiler, said that "(From governor Winslow and captain Johnson we learn, that) he was an ancient minister in England; had been a man of fame in his day;" etc.
We know that Bachiler was presented, 17 July 1587, by William West, Lord de la Warr, to the vicarage of Wherwell in Hampshire, and that on 9 Aug. 1605 John Bate was made vicar there because of the ejection of Stephen Bachiler. " No record has been found of the date of this ejection.
In a letter addressed to Governor John Winthrop, he complained bitterly of Timothy Dalton, teacher at the Hampton church of which Mr. Bachiler was pastor:
"I see not how I can depart till I have, God forgive me, cleared and vindicated the cause and wrongs I have suffered of the church I yet live in; that is from the teacher (indeed) who hath done all and been the cause of all the dishonor that hath acrew'd to God, shame to myself, and griefs to all God's people. By his irregular proceedings and abuse of the power of the church in his hand by the major part cleaving to him, being his countrymen and acquaintance in old England.
"The teacher's act of his excommunicationing me would prove the foulest matter, both for the cause alleged of that excommunication, and the impulsive cause (even wrath and revenge), and also the manner of all his preceding throughout to the very end; and lastly, his keeping me under bonds."

The Family Poore, Prehistory to the Present
By: James H. Creighton
October 12, 2001
6. Rev. Stephen Bachiler (Bachelor) 1556-1656 this man can be called the symbol of the century in which he lived. Born in Hampshire during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, he studied under some of the most famous religious leaders of his time. He was schooled at Oxford’s St. John’s College under such people as Lawrence Humphrey, John Harmer, Thomas Kingsmill, Edward Cradocke and John Rainoldes, who was also the head of the Puritan Church. A fellow student was Henry Cromwell, uncle of Oliver the Protector.
In 1586 Stephen Bachiler became the chaplain to Lord Baron De la Warr (Delaware), whose home estate was at Wherwell, Hampshire. The following year he became Vicar of Wherwell, once a Saxon abbey in 986AD and home of the first Lord la Warr, Thomas West. By chance, Wherwell was in the center of Poore localities in Hampshire. It was just east of Andover and but a few miles to Nether Wallop and the Amesbury Poore estates beyond. By 1596 Lord de la Warr had died and his son, Thomas West, 3rd. Lord Baron De la Warr and future governor (1610) of Virginia promoted Bachiler by giving him money and land. Bachiler was influential in West’s marriage to the daughter of Sir Francis Knollys, founder of the Baptist Church.
Throughout this time, Bachiler preached the reformist doctrine learned at Oxford, harboring on Separatist views of the Pilgrims. His fame as a minister and vicar of Wherwell spread far and wide however, even though the nearby Winchester and Salisbury bishoprics were strongly anti-Puritan. Divisions rose between King James, his bishops and the ever-growing Puritan factions. The showdown happened in 1604 with the Royal Council at Hampton Court. Thomas West, Rev. Bachiler and many others attended, only to hear the king denounce the Puritan movement. The following year Bachiler left Wherwell along with a good portion of his followers. Some joined with the "Pilgrim" dissidents in Holland. He may have taken his family there for a time, but they seem to have traveled back and forth for years as he preached wherever he could.
He was married and had many children, now mostly grown. There is no record as to who his first wife was, but Thomas West in 1610, the year that he became Governor of Virginia, sent the younger Stephen Bachiler to the West family school of Magdalen College at Oxford. Rev. Bachiler found many financial supporters during his wandering years, in Berkshire, Essex and Hampshire. In 1621 he was in Suffolk and dining with Adam Winthrop at his home near Colchester, perhaps discussing the Plymouth Plantation, newly founded in New England.
I think that the old minister and scholar had an impact on the entire Winthrop family. Here was a homeless 65-year-old itinerant preacher who had the ear and support of Lord De la Warr. His children were Southampton merchants, regimental officers, and wives of Christopher Hussey, Rev. John Wing and John Samborne. He had a following of staunch Puritan parishioners, although he had no church.
The Bachiler entourage eventually found a safe haven at Newton Stacy, directly across the river from Wherwell, Hampshire. From 1622-1630 he established a church there for his followers, meeting the Dummer family of Swathling and Bishopstoke in the process.

Excerpts on the Rev. Stephen Bachiler from the History of Lynn by Alonzo Lewis (1829)
p.41 (1632) The Reverend Stephen Batchelor, with his family, arrived at Boston on Thursday, the fifth of June. He came in the ship William and Francis, captain Thomas, which sailed from London on the ninth of March, with about sixty passengers. He immediately came to Lynn, where his daughter resided, and fixed his abode here. He was now 71 years of age. In his company were six persons who had belonged to a church with him in England ; and of those he constituted a church at Lynn, to which he admitted such as were desirous of becoming members, and immediately commenced the exercise of the ministerial duties, without installation.
p.42 (1632) Mr. Batchelor had been in the performance of his pastoral duties about four months, when a complaint was made of some irregularities in his conduct. He was arraigned before the court at Boston, on the third of October, when the following order was passed. "Mr. Bachelr is required to forbeare exerciseing his giftes as a pastr or teacher publiquely in or Patent, unlesse it be to those he brought with him, for his contempt of authority, and till some scandles be removed." (Source: Col. Rec.)
p.43 (1633) In the course of a few months, Mr. Batchelor so far succeeded in regaining the esteem of the people, that the court, on the fourth of March, removed their injunction, that he should not preach in the colony, and left him at liberty to resume the performance of his public services.
p.51 (1635) The dissentions which had commenced in Mr. Batchelor's church at an early period, began again to assume a formidable appearance. Some of the members, disliking the conduct of the pastor, and "withall making question whether they were a church or not," (Source: Winthrop) withdrew from the communion. In consequence of this, a council of ministers was held on the fifteenth of March. Being unable to produce a reconciliation, they appointed another meeting, and went to attend a lecture at Boston. Mr. Batchelor then requested the disaffected members to present their grievances in writing, but as they refused, he resolved to excommunicate them, and wrote to the ministers at Boston, who immediately returned to Lynn. After a deliberation of three days, they decided, that although the church had not been properly instituted, yet the mutual exercise of their religious duties had supplied the defect.
p.53 (1635) The difficulties in Mr. Batchelor's church did not cease with the decision of the council, but continued to increase ; till Mr. Batchelor, perceiving no prospect of their termination, requested a dismission for himself and first members, which was granted.
p.54-7 (1636) Mr. Batchelor had been readily dismissed from his pastoral charge, in the expectation that he would desist from its exercise or remove from town ; instead of which, be renewed his covenant with the persons who came with him from England, intending to continue his ministrations. The people opposed this design, and complained to the magistrates, who forbade his proceeding. Finding that he disregarded their injunctions, and refused to appear before them, they sent the marshall to compel him. He was brought before the court of Assistants, at Boston, in January, and discharged on engaging to leave the town within three months. There are reasons for supposing Mr. Batchelor to have been censurable; but the court seem to have been somewhat arbitrary
in compelling him to leave the town.
The Reverend Stephen Batchelor was born in England, in the year 1561, and received orders in the established Church. In the early part of his life he enjoyed a good reputation, but being displeased with some of the ceremonies of the Church, and refusing to continue his conformity, lie was deprived of his permission to perform her services. The Church has been much censured for her severity, and all uncharitableness and persecution are to be deprecated ; but in ejecting her ministers for nonconformity, after they had approved her mode of worship, and engaging themselves in the support of her doctrines, the Church is no more censurable than all other communities, with whom the same practice is common. On leaving England, Mr. Batchelor went with his family to Holland, where he resided several years. He then returned to London, from which place he sailed on the ninth of March 1632, for New England. He came to Lynn about the middle of June, and continued his ministerial labours, with interruption, for about three years. He was admitted a freeman on the sixth of May, 1635, and removed from Lynn in February, 1636. He went to Ipswich, where he received a grant of fifty acres of land, and had the prospect of a settlement ; but some difficulty having arisen, he left the place. In the very cold winter of 1637, he went on foot, with some of his friends to Matakeese, now Yarmouth, a distance of about one hundred miles. There he intended to plant a town and establish a church ; but finding the difficulties great, and "his company being all poor men," he relinquished the design. He then went to Newbury, where, on the sixth of July, 1638, the town granted to him and his son-in-law, Christopher Hussey, two portions of land which had formerly been given to Edward Rawson, Secretary of State, and Mr. Edward Woodman. On the sixth of September, the General Court of Massachusetts, granted him permission to commence a settlement at Winicowett, now Hampton in New Hampshire. In 1639, the inhabitants of Ipswich voted to give him sixty acres of land on Whortleberry Hill, and twenty acres of meadow, if he would relinquish their previous grant of fifty acres, and reside with them three years; but he did not accept their invitation. On the fifth of July, he and Christopher Hussey sold their houses and lands in Newbury to Mr. John Oliver, for "six score pounds," and went to Hampton, where a town was begun, and a church gathered, of which Mr. Batchelor became the minister. He had not resided there long before dissentions commenced, and the people were divided between him and his colleague, Mr. Timothy Dalton. In 1641 he was accused of irregular conduct, and was excommunicated. Soon after, his house took fire, and was consumed, with nearly all his property. In 1643, he was restored to the communion, but not to the office of minister. In 1644, the people of Exeter invited him to settle with them ; but the General Court of Massachusetts, on the twenty ninth of May, sent an order to forbid his settlement till they should grant permission. On the twentieth of April, 1647, he was at "Strawberry Bank," now Portsmouth, where he resided three years. In 1650, he married his third wife, being then nearly ninety years of age, and in May, was fined by the court, ten pounds, for not publishing his marriage according to law; half of which fine was remitted in October. In the same year the court passed the following order, in consequence of a matrimonial disagreement.
It is ordered by this Court, that Mr. Batchelor and his wife shall lyve together as man and wife, as in this Court they have publiquely professed to doe, and if either desert one another, then hereby the Court doth order that ye Marshall shall apprehend both ye said Mr. Batchelor and Mary his wife, and bring them forthwith to Boston, there to be kept till the next Quarter Court of assistants, that farther consideration thereof may be had, both of them moving for a divorce, and this order shall be sufficient warrant soe to doe, provided notwithstanding, that if they put in £50, each of them, for their appearance, with such sureties, as the Commissioners, or any one of them for the County shall think good to accept of, that then they shall be under their baile to appear at the next Court of assistants, and in case Mary Batchelor shall live out of the jurisdiction, "without mutual consent for a time," that then the Clarke shall give notice to magistrate att Boston of her absence, that farther order may be taken therein."
Soon after this order, Mr. Batchelor returned to England, where he married his fourth wife, his third wife Mary being still living. In October, 1656, she petitioned the court, in the following words, to free her from her husband.
"To the Honored Govt Deputy Governor with the Magistrates and Deputies at the General Court at Boston. The humble petition of Mary Bacheler Sheweth Whereas your petitioner having formerly lived with Mr. Steven Bacheler a minister in this Collany as his lawfull wife & not unknown to divers of you as I conceive, and the said Mr. Bacheler upon some pretended ends of his owne hath transported himselfe unto ould England for many years since and betaken himselfe to another wife as your petitioner hath often been credibly informed, and there continueth, whereby your petitioner is left destitute not only of a guide to her and her children, but also made uncapable thereby of disposing herselfe in the way of marriage to any other without a lawful permission, and having now two children upon her hands that are chargeable to her in regard to a disease God hath been pleased to lay upon them both, which is not easily curable, and so weakened her estate in prosecuting the means of cure that she is not able longer to subsist without utter ruining her estate, or exposing herself to the common charity of others, which your petitioner is loth to put herself upon, if it may be lawfully avoided as is well known to all or most part of her neighbours. And were she free from her engagement to Mr. Bachelor, might probably soe dispose of herselfe as that she might obtain a meet helpe to assist her to procure such means for her livelyhood and the recovery of her children's health, as might keep them from perishing, which your petitioner to her great grief is much afraid of, if not timely prevented. Your petitioner's humble request therefore is that this Honored Court would be pleased seriously to consider her condition for matter of her relief in her freedom from the said Mr. Bachelor, and that she may be at liberty to dispose of herselfe in respect of any engagement to him as in your wisdomes shall seem most expedient, and your petitioner shall humbly pray &c. Mary Bacheler" (Source: Colonial Files)
At this time Mr. Batchelor must have been in the ninety sixth year of his age. How much

longer he lived, and how many more wives he married, is unknown. He has long since gone to his last account, and his errors and follies, of whatever kind, must be left to the adjustment of that tribunal, before which all must appear. He had undoubtedly many virtues, or he would not have had many friends, and they would not have continued with him through all the changes of his fortune. Mr. Prince says that he was "a man of fame in his day, a gentleman of learning and ingenuity, and wrote a fine and curious hand.

Saturday, May 2, 2009

For background, the following bios of Matthew and his son John and grandson Daniel are taken from: http://worldcupcafe.pbwiki.com (edited version)
From these meager records, as well as knowledge of contemporary English history, we are able to piece together a biography of his life and times. Matthew was born around 1550, either at the end of the reign of Henry VIII or (more likely) during the short reign of his son, Edward VI. His early life must have been highly influenced by the religious convulsions of the English throne. Before Matthew's birth Henry VIII split from the Roman Catholic Church and founded what is now called the Church of England. Upon Henry's death, his young son, Edward, was crowned King. However, as he was then only 9 years old, a council of regents had been appointed by his father to run the country. The regents further solidified the Protestant reforms of the church. Edward's death, while still a minor, in 1553, caused chaos. Henry's eldest daughter, Mary, a Roman Catholic, eventually was crowned Queen after the brief (9 day) reign (in name only) of Lady Jane Grey (who was not only a Protestant, but the daughter-in-law of the chief Regent.) Most of the powerful Lords in England were Protestant, and had tried to prevent Mary from assuming the crown. During her short reign of 5 years, she had almost three hundred religious dissenters executed, earning the epithet of "Bloody Mary." (In reality, she was merely continuing the tradition of her father in executing those who got in her way.) (THAT RELIGIOUS THING, AGAIN!) After Mary's death in 1558, her half-sister, Elizabeth ascended to the throne. Elizabeth was a Protestant, and once again changed the church service to Protestantism.
During this time, church attendance was mandatory. Persons who failed to attend church were severely fined and even imprisoned. The English population had "front row seats" into the religious convulsions caused by the Royalty. The local parish priest likely was replaced several times during this brief period. Church Registers were usually destroyed when the faith was changed (which is why almost no parish records exist prior to the start of the reign of Elizabeth I in 1558.) During this time period EVERYONE was able to see, first-hand, how every aspect of religion is subject to interpretation. This, plus the new technology of the printing press, had revolutionized the whole concept of religion. The invention of the printing press made it possible for people to own their own Bible. No longer did they have to rely on the word of the parish priest for what the Bible said. They can now read it for themselves. This technology required people to be better educated (so they can read the books now being printed) which caused a flourishing of the colleges. This increased education also helped give rise to the middle-class, of which Matthew had belonged.

John Winge was baptized at St. Mary's Church, Banbury, Oxford, England on 12 JAN 1584/5, the 3rd son (and 6th child) of Matthew Wynge and his first wife, Mary __? . He entered Oxford University on 15 OCT 1599, and at the age of 14, was at that time the youngest student ever to be enrolled. He graduated with a B.A. from Queen's College, Oxford on 12 FEB 1603/4.
John was first installed as a minister "St. Nicholas Church, , Strood, Kent, England by late 1608, upon the death of the previous priest (Undoubtedly the "Mr williams" who died 5 DEC 1608) . A study of the handwriting of the parish register indicates that John may have been there as early as 1605 (possibly assisting the previous pastor). At about the same time John married Deborah Bachiler, the eldest daughter of Rev. Stephen Bachiler. John continued to preach there until the latter part of NOV 1614. The first two children of John and Deborah (coincidentally named Deborah and John) were baptized at Strood in 1609 & 1611 respectively.
John lived in Sandwich, Kent, England at one time. The only time available would have been during the period between his serving at Strood and his becoming pastor to the Merchant Adventurers at Hamburg. Rev. John's sermon "The Crown Conjugall" was preached here. This was his earliest sermon that he later published (in NOV 1620). Their son, Daniel was likely born there during this time period. If so, Daniel would have the distinction of being the only original settler of Sandwich in Plymouth Colony to have been born at its namesake city.
Rev. John Winge became the minister to the Society of Merchant Adventures at Hamburg by 1617. During his stay at Hamburg, John published at least two of his sermons: "Jacob's Staffe" and "Abel's Offering" both published in 1617. While these were the two earliest sermons he published, he drafted them after his sermon "The Crown Conjugall." While living at Hamburg, John and Deborah had a son (Joseph) baptized (5 NOV 1618). However, this son apparently died young.
Rev. John was installed as the pastor of the English Church at Flushing on 19 JUN 1620. While living at Flushing, he also periodically preached at Middelburg. It appears that Stephen, and possibly other children, were born at Flushing. He removed to The Hague, where he was installed the priest of the English Church there about 10 MAR 1627. The youngest son, Matthew, apparently was born while the family lived at Flushing.
It appears that life in the Dutch cities ruined John's health. As early as 1620, in the dedication of his book "The Crown Conjugal" he spoke of "afflection upon mine external state, doe daily provoke and deeply challenge from me..." In his letter to Sir Dudley Carleton Rev. John stated that he had been so ill he could not even hold a quill pen to write.
It appears that Rev. John had decided to emigrate to New England, but his health worsened, and he died before plans can be finalized. He left a will at St. Mary Aldermary, London, dated 2 NOV 1629. The will stated all of his property was to be sold and the monies divided between his widow and his children. It is believed that he may have also had made out a will at The Hague.
John Winge and Deborah Bachiler had the following children:
Deborah, baptized Strood, Kent, England 12 OCT 1609
John, baptized Strood, Kent, England 1 SEP 1611
Daniel, born probably at Sandwich, Kent, England circa 1616
Joseph, baptized at Hamburg (now Germany) 5 NOV 1618. He probably died young.
Stephen, born probably at Flushing (now the Netherlands) circa 1621.
Daughters, names unknown
Matthew, born probably at The Hague after 1627.
Daniel Wing was born, probably at Sandwich, Kent, England, circa 1616. If a native of Sandwich, he would have the distinction of being the only originally settler of Sandwich, Massachusetts born at it's namesake city. Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Hamburg (now in Germany), where Rev. John Winge was pastor for the Society of Merchant Adventurers. The family's stay at Hamburg was rather short, for in 1620 the family moved to Flushing, Zeeland (now the Netherlands). They lived in Flushing for several years, but moved to The Hague in 1627.
It appears that Rev. John was making arrangements to emigrate to the New World when he died in 1629 or 1630. His widow did move her family to New England with her father, Rev. Stephen Bachiler, in early 1632. They lived at Saugus (now Lynn) for five years, before moving to the new settlement on Cape Cod - Sandwich.
Daniel purchased the homestead of Andrew Hallett, one of the original settlers of Sandwich who had decided to mover further up the Cape to Yarmouth. The WFA is in possession of the Deed where Andrew sold the land to Daniel. This deed has the distinction of being the oldest surviving deed to property on Cape Cod. In addition, the home is recognized by the Massachusetts Historical Commission as being the oldest home on the Cape.
Daniel married Hannah Swift of Sandwich on 5 NOV 1642. Hannah had 10 children and died ten days after her last child was born, on 31 JAN 1664/5. The widower Daniel married Anna Ewer in JUN 1666. At the time of this marriage, Daniel was about 50 years old, yet he and Anna had 3 children who all survived.
Daniel embraced the new Quaker religion and suffered greatly under the Quaker persecution. The constant fines had come to the point where he was afraid of losing his homestead. In order to escape that fate, he had his estate probated during his lifetime and given to his children. This event has caused much confusion to family historians ever since.
Daniel died at Sandwich on 10 MAR 1697/8 and his wife Anna probably died around 1720.
Children of Daniel Wing, by first wife, Hannah Swift
Hannah, born 28 JUL 1643
Lydia, born 23 MAY 1647
Deborah, born 10 OCT 1648, died before 1660
[poss.] Mary, born 13 OCT 1650. If she existed, then she probably died young

Samuel, born 28 AUG 1652
Hepzibah, born 7 NOV 1654, never married.
John, born 14 NOV 1656
Beulah, born 16 NOV 1658
Deborah, born NOV 1660
Daniel, born 21 JAN 1664/5
Daniel Wing had by second wife, Anna Ewer
Experience, born 4 AUG 1668
Bachelor, born 10 DEC 1671
Jashub, born 30 MAR 1674

Image above: Signature of John Winge from his letter to Sir Dudley Carleton mentioned on page 2.
Image above: Title page.
Wing, John, of Flushing, Zealand. (författare) The crovvne coniugall or, The spouse royall· [Elektronisk resurs] A discovery of the true honor and happines of Christian matrimony published for their consolation who are married, and their encouragement who are not, intending the benefit of both. By Iohn Wing pastor to the English Congregation, resident at Vlishing in Zeeland. 1620 (AND NO, I DID NOT MAKE THESE TITLES UP!)


Image above: Engraving showing Frederick and Elizabeth, King and Queen of Bohemia with two children (on left). Elizabeth was the eldest child of King James I.
Image above: Title of sermon that John Winge preached May 18, 1623 with Elizabeth in attendance.
Wing, John, of Flushing, Zealand. (författare) The saints aduantage or The welfare of the faithfull, in the worst times [Elektronisk resurs] A sermon, preached at the Hage the 18. of May, 1623. before the most high, and mighty princesse, Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queene of Bohemia, Countesse Palatine of the Rhene, &c. By Iohn Wing, an vnworthy minister of the gospel and pastor to the English Church at Flishing in Zealand. 1623
The Translated Will of Matthew Wynge of Banbury (The paragraphing was added for
ease in reading) www.wingfamilyorg.orgThis will was updated April 18, 2007 thanks to Paul Gifford who also translated the Probate which was in Latin-7-
AUGUST 9, 1614I, Mathew Wynge of Banbury in the conntie of Oxford Taylor being of perfect memory thanks be to God I do make this my last will and testament in mannor and form following;Inprimis- I bequeath my soule to God my master and to Jesus Christ my redeemer and my body to be buried in Banbury Church yard.Item I give and bequeath to the poore of Banbury tenne shillings.Item I give (and bequeath) ( "and bequeath" has a line drawn through it) onto Fulke myne eldest sonn the lease of my home which I now dwell in and twentie pounds in money.Item I give to Thomas my second sonne thirteene pounds.item I give to John my thryd sonne fortie shillings.Item I give to Robert Chammberlayne my sonne in law tenne pounds.Item I give to Johana my daughter twentie shillings.Item I give to the children of Fulke my eldest sonne aforesaid as follows: To Anne his eldest Daughter foure pounds a fetherbed and two payer of sheets. Item I give to Dorcas his second daughter three pounds a woll (wool?) bed two payer of sheets and the best brass pot. Item I give to Mary his youngest daughter three pounds and two payer of sheets or bolster a coverlet. Item I give to Matthew his sonne, five pounds & the meddle brass pott the ? sheets and a blankett.Item I give to John Wynge the sonne of Thomas Wynge my second sonne aforesaid fortie shillings.Item I give to Debora Wynge the daughter of John Wynge my third sonne and to John his sonne twentie shillings a piece.Item I give to John Nicholls the sonne of John Nicholls my sonne in law twenty shillings.Item I give to William Wynge the sonne of James Wynge my fourthe sonne twentie shillings.Item I give to Thomas Chammberlayne the sonne of Robert Chamberlayne my sonne in law twentie shillinges.Item I give to the children of Richard Gullins vizaviz to John four shillings six pence to Thomas fourteen pence and to Phoebe twelve pence.Item my will is that if any of my childrens children shall decease that then such legacy that I have bequeathed to them shall remayne to surviving brother or sister or such child or children to be equally divided amongst themItem my will is that James my fourth sonne shall not repaye the fiftie shillings English he owes me but be aquitted of the same.Item I give unto Anne my wife thirtie poundes of lawfull English money to be payed to her by two several payments within the space of one
year from my decease. My will is that she shall also have the free and quiet use of my hall house lower chamber yarde and leaneto, our little house in the same and also the use of all the rest of my household stuffs is bequeathed in my will so long as she shall remayne wydowed and no longer.Last of all I give the rest of my goods as bequeathed (my debts being paid and funeral discharged) onto my children viz to Fulke" Thomas' John' James' and Johana to be equallie divided amongst them.Item I make my first sonnes Fulke and Thomas exectutors of this my last will and testament and I appoint my loving friends Mr. Thomas Whatley Mr. Nichodemus Edens and Mr. John Nicholls my overseers of this my last will and I do give them three shillings a piece: And if any doubt or ambiquity do arise concerning this my last will and testament my will is that to be determyned and ended by by those my payed overseers or two of them. And hereunto I have set my hand and seal the day and year above written.The mark of Matthew Wynge. Those being called to be wittnesses Thomas Hall & Allen NichollMy thanks to Paul Gifford, descendant of Sarah Wing & Robert Gifford for sending me his corrections & additions to this will. Paul was able to identify "lower" chamber yarde. He was also able to identify Mr. Nichodemus Edens and correct the 2nd witness...Allen NichollHe then contributed the Probate that was in Latin and which I basically ignored because I do not have any foundation in Latin. His translation of the Latin is below. PROBATUM fuit testamentum suprascriptum apud London coram Mag[ist]roEdmundo Pope legum doctore Surrogato venerabilis viri Dni JohannisBenet militis legum etiam doctoris Curie Prerogative CantuariensisMagristri Custodi sive Commissarij legitime constituti decimoquintodie[next page:] Mensis Novembris Anno D[omi]ni millesimo sexcentesimodecimo quarto Juramento Fulconis [not sure about this last word] etThome Winge filiorum n[atu]rium et legitimorum dicti defuncti et executorum in eodem testamento nominat[ ] Quibus commissar siveAdministratio bonorum Invid et creditorum dicti defuncti de bene etfideliter administrand or ad Dei Evangelia Jurat.Some of the words and word endings aren't right---it would be easy enough to find the formula by searching on Google the particular
combinations of words. Essentially this means that the will was proved at London before Mr. Edmund Pope, LL.D., Surrogate Judge, and Sir John Benet, Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on 15 November 1614 by Thomas Winge, natural and legitimate son of the deceased, and executor named in his will, and he was appointed to administer his goods, credits, etc.
Approximate values of money during the Elizabethan era:Shilling (s.)...$25.00Pound...$500.00Wages: Yeoman: 2 to 6 pounds per year ($1000-$3000 )Minor Parson: 10 to 30 pounds per year ($5000-$15000)Esquire: 500 to 1000 pounds per year ($$25000-$50000)There seems little doubt that Matthew Wing worked hard and saved diligently. His class in life was probably between that of a Yeoman and a Gentleman. The fact that his relative, John Wing, (who was possibly his brother) became a Chief Burgess for life indicates that the Wing's were climbing the ladder to a higher social-economic plateau.Bear in mind that these are all approximations:Matthew Wing's will in dollars:
To the poor of Banbury = 10 shillings ($250.00)This would buy 125 loaves of bread, or 10 pairs of shoes, or 62 pounds of soap.To son, Fulke Wing = the lease to the house and 20 pounds ($10,000.00)The bequest that Matthew left to Fulke is the surest evidence that Fulke became the tailor in the family after the death of his father. There is little question that the house the Wing family lived in also doubled as the shop that Matthew Wing worked out of. The front of the ground floor probably served as the shop and the window shutter might have swung downward into the street to create a kind of shop counter. This probably had a canopy overhead to protect against rain. Tradesman and craftsmen commonly worked at home.To son, Thomas Wing = 13 pounds ( $6500.00). Thomas was in the military.To son, John Wing = 40 shillings ($1000.00)Matthew left Rev. John Wing only $500.00 more than he left his grandchildren. The reason for this is probably because John was the only son that we know of that was sent to Oxford. Perhaps the agreement was that John would pay for his education by forgoing a portion of his legacy...although John would not have gone on to Oxford if he had not proven that he was a scholar to begin with.To son-in-law, Robert Chamberlain = 10 pounds ($5000.00)
This bequest may have been a part of the dowry that went with Joan Wing when she married Robert. There may have been an agreement that the dowry would be payed upon the death of Matthew Wing.To daughter, JoAnne (Joan) (wife of Robert Chamberlain) = 20 shillings ($500.00)It should also be noted that although James Wynge is apparently alive at the time his father wrote this will that Matthew did not leave James any money although he did aquit him of his debt of fifty shillings. (if my calculations are correct that would be about $1250.00 in current money).To Granddaughter, Anne, Fulk Wing's daughter = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Granddaughter, Dorcas, Fulk Wing's daughter= 20 shillings ($500.00)To Granddaughter, Mary, Fulk Wing's daughter= 20 shillings ($500.00)To Grandson, Matthew, son of Fulk Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Grandson, John Wing, son of Thomas Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Granddaughter, Deborah Wing, daughter of John Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Grandson, John Wing, son of John Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Grandson, John Nicholls, son of Elizabeth Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Grandson, William Wing, son of James Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To Grandson, Thomas Chamberlayne, son of Joan Wing = 20 shillings ($500.00)To John Gullins, son of Richard Gullins (relationship unknown) = 4 shillings, 6 pence...a little over a $100.To Thomas Gullins, son of Richard Gullins (relationship unknown) = 14 pence...I have no idea how much that would be.To Phebe Gullins, daughter of Richard Gullins (relationship unknown)= 12 pence...For now the relationship between the Wings and the Gullins will have to remain a mystery. There are any number of possibilities to imagine concerning their link.If my conversion of shillings and pounds are correct and if I added everything properly the total cash sum of Matthew Wynge's will is $27750.00, not including the debt that he forgave James which amounted to approximately $1250.00....Matthew's will is practically a King's ransom to the middle class citizen of 17th century England. Half of the population of England from 1600 to beyond the time of Matthew Wing's death were considered poor to destitute. Whenever times of depression overwhelmed the cloth areas, country weavers suffered great losses. Rowland Vaughan recorded in "his Booke" for the year 1604: "There bee within a mile and
a halfe from my house five hundred poor habitations; whose greatest means consist in spinning Flaxe, Hempe, and Hardes. There is not one amongst ten that hath five shillings to buy a Bale of Flaxe, but are forc'd to borrow money to put up their trade and run to Hereford (loosing a dayes worke) to fetch the same."
Image above: Daniel Wing house, Sandwich. The house is still standing however it has been added to over the years and no longer appears as it would have during the life of Daniel.
Image above: Copy of a plaque placed at the location of the home of Deborah Bachiler Wing.
The last two illustrations are from the Wing chapter of Annals of the Sinnott, Rogers, Coffin Corlies, Reeves, Bodine and Allied Families., Mary Elizabeth Sinnott. The book is available by searching GOOGLE ADVANCED BOOK SEARCH.
This family group is, in my opinion, one of the most interesting families to which we are related. There is more information about this family which can be obtained by simple searches if you have an interest.