Before I continue this part I want to explain that there were TWO Jane Thornburg(h)s in this life story. Do not confuse this Jane Thornburgh with the Jane Thornburg that married George Haworth in Highland County, Ohio in 1812. Both families were living in Guilford County at the same time and may have had a distant relationship.
As I mentioned in part 1, Richard Mendenhall, son of Mordecai and Charity Beeson Mendenhall accompanied his parents to Rowan County in 1751-1752. On June 24, 1758 Richard’s marriage to Jane Thornburgh was recorded in the Minutes of New Garden Monthly Meeting. The couple was probably married at Deep River Meeting at an earlier date but I have not been able to find those records.
I do not know where Richard and Jane lived except that it was probably close to his parents and they were members of Deep River Meeting. There is a notation at Deep River monthly meeting that Richard Mendenhall departed this life or was lost in 1773. I am sure that you all remember that Richard was killed by Indians just after dawn on October 10, 1773 in (what is now) Russell County, Virginia while on an failed expedition to Kentucky with Daniel Boone. As a bit of an aside, I remind you that James Haworth was also reported to have been on this expedition. I have no ideas on how Richard became acquainted with Boone or why he chose to go to Kentucky. I assume that since the Boone party was made up of several “Regulators” (google Regulator War) Richard may have had sympathetic feeling towards this group. Contemporary news reports at the following link.
There is a discussion on who the parents of this Jane Thornburgh were. It appears the two likely candidates are Thomas and Sarah Thornburgh and Walter and Margaret Thornburgh with no absolute proof for either couple. However Walter and Margaret were neighbors of Mordecai and Charity Mendenhall in North Carolina and had purchased property from the Mendenhalls. Mordecai Mendenhall leased land from agents of the Earl of Granville in 1753 located in the southwest corner of present day Guilford County and then in 1757 he released (sold) the land to Walter and Margaret Thornbrough. This Walter is listed in some genealogy sites as an older brother of the Edward Thornburgh that married Ann Armfield listed below.
John Mendenhall, son of Richard and Jane Thornburgh Mendenhall, was born in Rowan County (now Guilford) on March 6, 1759 (MFA listing). John married Ruth Brown, daughter of Joseph and Ann Jones Morgan Brown, May 6, 1785 (MFA listing).
Joseph Mendenhall, son of John and Ruth Brown Mendenhall, was born in Guilford County October 2, 1787 (MFA listing).
On August 2, 1804 Springfield Monthly Meeting granted certificates to John and Ruth Brown Mendenhall and family and John’s mother Jane to Miami Monthly Meeting in Ohio. John, Ruth and family are recorded as arriving in Ohio, Jane is not. (MFA lists Jane’s death date as June 7, 1796 at Deep River, Guilford County, North Carolina. MFA also lists Jane‘s parents as Walter and Margaret Slade Thornburgh without reference.)
Ruth Large Brown, widow of Thomas Brown of Frederick County, Virginia (now Berkeley County, West Virginia) and the mother of Joseph Brown, was received on certificate from Hopewell Monthly Meeting to Cane Creek Monthly Meeting “received 1753 11 4“. Ruth died in Rowan County (now Guilford) on May 22, 1763, her death is listed in the Minutes of New Garden Monthly Meeting.
I found no record for Joseph Brown, son of Thomas and Ruth Large Brown, transferring his church membership to North Carolina but he seems to have appeared in this area in 1762 when a Joseph Brown purchased property. Joseph married Ann Jones Morgan, widow of Henry Morgan and their marriage is listed at Cane Creek Monthly Meeting October 27, 1763. Ann is believed to have been the daughter of John and Mary Jones.
Joseph sold the Brown home property in Virginia, 428 acres and the house, to Thomas Ellis on September 12, 1766. Joseph lived in Rowan County, North Carolina at the time of the sale. Ruth Brown, the daughter of Joseph and Ann Jones Morgan Brown, was born near New Garden Monthly Meeting on April 4, 1767.
Joseph Thornburgh and Ann Armfield
The following is quoted from:
Newsletter, Armfield Family, Volume 6, Number 3 March , 2011
“Ann was received on certificate (roc) at the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting on 7 Mar 1752, as listed in the Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy , page 1 372. We have been unable to find the name of the monthly meeting that issued this certificate. In 1752 Cane Creek would have been in Orange County, NC. Ann was married by 30 Nov 1754 in Rowan County as the New Garden MM recorded her marriage to Joseph Thornbrough as condemned out of unity (mou) on that date. The circumstances of this condemnation are unknown. Joseph was a birthright Quaker by having been born into a Quaker family. Joseph was later received to New Garden MM on 25 Sep 1756. A record of their marriage has not been found in any Quaker or civil documents. Their eight children are listed in New Garden Monthly Meeting, in the Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, page 519. Many of these children married within the Quaker faith.”
“We do not have much more documentation on Ann. While there is no primary source
records to prove Ann was the daughter of Isaac, Sr., it is taken more or less for granted due to circumstantial evidence. Several researchers have used the name Nancy Ann, but again no source for this name has been found. Ann was often used as a nickname for Nancy. Ann was born about 1732 possibly in Concord Township, Lancaster County, PA. Concord Township in Lancaster County is now located in Delaware County, PA. Some researchers have written that Ann went back to Pennsylvania to marry Joseph, but even though that’s certainly possible, that would have been a very difficult journey at that time for a young woman. It would seem more likely Ann came to North Carolina as a single woman and married Joseph in North Carolina.”
“……….Joseph’s place of birth as Pennsylvania in 1728. Joseph Thornborough was the son of Edward & Jean Thornborough.”
“…………..Ann was alive in January of 1793 as she was mentioned in Joseph’s will and in Aug of 1800 when Joseph’s will was probated. She would have been about sixty-eight years old in 1800. A record of her death or where she may have been buried has not been found. Joseph died 25 Jun 1800 in Guilford County and according to family histories was buried at the New Garden MM Burial Grounds. The original copy of his will is in the North Carolina Archives. Written in Joseph’s will, “Wife Ann to receive mare, 2 cows, furniture and Maintenance during widowhood. Son Joseph -100 acres where he lives. Sons Edward & Isaac remainder of land. Daughters Ann Hoggatt, Mary Hodgson, Margaret Hoggatt, & Elizabeth Hodgson- each five shillings. Exrs. sons Edward & Joseph Thornburgh. Wits: William Armfield, Esqr., Joseph Thornburgh.” Source: "Guilford County, North Carolina Will Abstracts 1771-1841" by Irene B. Webster.”
“Ann and Joseph Thornbrough were the parents of eight children as listed in Hinshaws
1. Jane b. 21 Oct 1754; d. 17 Aug 1763 Rowan County, NC
2. Edward b. 30 Mar 1757; d. 19 Dec 1839 Randolph County, NC; m. #1 Phebe Summer
abt 1779 #2 Keziah Wright 09 Jan 1803
3. Joseph b. 29 Feb 1759; d. 13 May 1842 Rush County, IN; m. Rachel Brown 14 Feb
4. Ann b. 22 Nov 1761; d. 12 Oct 1832 Clinton County, OH; m. Joseph Hoggatt 05 May
5. Mary b. 13 Mar 1764; d. 11 Aug 1842 Washington County, IN; m. #1 Nathan Hiatt 11
Mar 1784 #2 William Hodgson 21 Dec 1790
6. Margaret b. 10 Jan 1767; d. 23 Sep 1843 Henry County, IA; m. Stephen Hoggatt 03 Mar 1786
7. Elizabeth b. 1 Feb 1769; d. 17 Oct 1794 Guilford County, NC; m. Hur Hodgson 03 Dec
8. Isaac b. 6 Oct 1773; d. 28 Jun 1862 Randolph County, IN; m. #1 Rebecca Hodgson 04
Oct 1792 #2 Mary Ann Ring”
“………..Various spellings include: Thornbury, Thornburgh, Thornburg, Thornberry. The family was Irish and the name was pronounced Thorn-bree.”
Edward Thornburgh was the second child of Joseph and Ann Armfield Thornburgh. Edward married Phoebe Sumner, daughter of Robert and Phoebe Beals Canaday Sumner, about 1779. Edward was dismissed from the church on March 3, 1780 at New Garden Monthly Meeting for his marriage out of unity to Phoebe. I find this odd because Phoebe was a birthright Quaker, so I am guessing that they were married in a civil ceremony but no record of such has been found yet.
Their daughter Jane Thornburg(h) is listed in the records at New Garden as being born May 16, 1795. This is the Jane Thornburg that married George Haworth. Edward and Phoebe had 10 children, all listed in the record of New Garden Monthly Meeting. It appears that Phoebe died March 8, 1802 shortly after the birth of their last child Jacob. Phoebe is listed as being buried at New Garden. Here again we have some irregularity in the Quaker records as there are some differences in birth dates listed at New Garden and in records at Fairfied in Ohio.
Edward married second Keziah Wright, the marriage listed at New Garden Monthly Meeting on January 9, 1803. Edward and Keziah of Sandy Spring Meeting and family, including all of Phoebe’s children, received a certificate to transfer to Miami Monthly Meeting in Ohio on September 27, 1806 from New Garden Monthly Meeting.
William and Charity Dillon Rees my 5th great grandparents and their family were granted a certificate from Hopewell Monthly Meeting, Frederick County Virginia to New Garden Monthly Meeting, Guilford County, North Carolina “6,4, 1772”. Their daughter Mary as a girl of 5 accompanied them on their move. (I am sure that you will remember that Mary married James Haworth.)
Guilford County, North Carolina, Deed Book One page 276.
18 10th month 1772, Simeon Taylor & Esther his wife of Guilford,
planter, to William Rees of same, planter, five shillings, 208 acres, on both
sides of Reedy Fork, begin at a white oak saplin, S 21 ch. to a hicory, W 45
1/2 ch. to a white oak bush on Forster's line, his line N cross Reedy Fork to
/2 ch. to a white oak, E 25 ch. to the center of 3 black oaks, N 17 1/2 ch.
to a white oak bush, E 12 1/2 ch. to a hicory, S12E 14 1/2 ch. to a black oak
David Macy's cor., S on Macy's line cross Reedy Fork 34 ch. to a black oak, E
4 ch. to a white oak saplin the first station; signed: Simeon Taylor, Esther
Taylor; witness: Daniel Dillion, Joseph Perkins; proved August 1774 Term by
8 12th month 1772, Simeon Taylor & Esther his wife of Guilford,
planter, to William Rees of same, planter, two hundred pounds, 208 acres,
(The above two entries are a lease and a release for the same property.)
From Sarah (Haworth) Carr from a statement made by her father Rees Haworth who was a son of James and Mary Rees Haworth, Rushville, Indiana February 17, 1907.
"My mother was born in Virginia but moved with her parents to North Carolina, settling near Guilford Court House. She was in hearing of the battle which was fought there on the fifteen of March 1781. She sat upon the door-step of her father's house and saw the ambulance wagons go by with the dead and wounded soldiers; she saw the blood dripping from the wagons. She was only fourteen years of age and this awful sight made an impression on her mind she never forgot."
The information on Robert and Phoebe Beals Canaday Sumner is confusing at best. I have yet to find a firm death date for Robert and only sketchy references for death information. I also have no idea why his will was not probated until several years after his death was reported. So, the following is the best that I have for now.
Robert Sumner is assumed to have been born in what is now Fairfax or Loudon County, Virginia in 1716, his parents are unknown. He married Phoebe Beals Canaday, widow of John Canaday and daughter of John and Sarah Bowater Beals in Fairfax County, Virginia November 29, 1746. This marriage was out of unity with the Quakers and Phoebe was disowned. However on "26-6-1749" Robert was received into membership on request at the Fairfax Monthly Meeting, so all was forgiven.
The family was granted a certificate to Carver's Creek Monthly Meeting, Bladen County, North Carolina "2-2- 1751", then transferred to Cane Creek Monthly Meeting and were received there "7-10- 1751", then the family transfered their membership to New Garden Monthly Meeting in what is now Guilford County in 1754. Phoebe, daughter of Robert and Phoebe Beals Canaday Sumner, and was born 5/18/1755 and her birth was recorded at New Garden.
Westfield Meeting, originally known as Tom’s Creek Meeting, was established in Surry County in the 1760’s under the guidance of New Garden. While I have not seen Robert's name on a membership roster for Westfield Meeting, it was the only Meeting in the area and several of his sons were known members. That and the fact that Robert's will was probated in Surry County makes me feel that he and his family were members. Several family web sites state that Robert and Phoebe were buried at New Garden Monthly Meeting however, they were both probably buried at Westfield Meeting. I say this for two reasons, New Garden was in charge of the Westfield Meeting so they did keep their records and New Garden was 60 some miles away across a mountain and it would have been, to say the least, impractical to transport them that distance.
Robert's made his will on 31 10th month 1775 and death is reported December 1, 1776 (also given as 1777 and 1779 at various sites) however his will was not recorded until the May Court session 1785 in Surry County. Find a grave website lists his burial at Jamestown FBG in Guilford County. I have not seen a copy of his will but there is an abstract on line that mentions an unnamed wife, sons Thomas, Robert, Boater, William, Caleb, Joshua, daughters, Phebe, Prudence, Abigail and Sarah. Executors Boater Bales, Boater Summers (Cousins Bowater Bales and Bowater Sumner (Cousins to each other, not Robert.)). Witness Uriah (x) Carson, Strangeman Stanley, Proved by Strangeman Stanley.
Surry County, NC, Will Abstracts Pg 175
List of wills at the North Carolina State Archives
Summers, Robert 31 10th mo. 1775 May 1785
The following two references would indicate that Robert died in late 1776 or early 1777.
Title: Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy.
Author: William Wade Hinshaw
Publication: Thomas Worth Marshall, Editor and Compiler. Ann Arbor, Mich.
Page: Vol 1 page 575
Note: 1777, 4, 26, Robert Sumner's death rpd.
Thomas Sumner, Surry Co., son of Robert, deceased, m. Hannah Hiatt dt. Joseph, same place, 8-10-1777 at Tom's Creek. Wit: David Ballard, John Jackson, William Beales, John Hiatt, Thos. Beales, Isaac Jones, Ann Hiatt, Ruth Jackson, Mary Carson, Sarah Beales, John Burras, Phebe Beales
Phoebe Beals Canaday Sumner is reported to have died in Surry County on August 19, 1805.
‘The Westfield Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends, better known in this area as "Old Westfield", is the oldest church in Surry or Stokes County and probably the oldest religious group in Northwest North Carolina this side of the Moravian settlements of what is now Winston Salem. The Meeting dates back to the 1760's when pioneer Quakers from New Garden (now Guilford College) crossed Quaker Gap of the Sauratown mountains to plant a new community in the valleys of Big Creek and Tom's Creek.”
“Early Quakers began holding meetings at Westfield by 1772 under the care of New Garden Quarterly Meeting and continued until the monthly meeting was established in 1786. Representatives from New Garden were sent to hold services for them. This is said to have lead to the name, "Westfield." The Quakers at New Garden regarded the work as a mission project and since it was located west of New Garden it was referred to as, "The Western Field." Thus comes the name, "Westfield." “
Our James Haworth and his brother George were probably also in the area from about 1773 to 1781 when they moved west into what is now Tennessee but I do not know where they were located.
Strangeman and Elizabeth Cox Hutchins were living in a part of Surry County that is now Yadkin County. They were the parents of Jane Hutchins who married Athanasius Barnett. Strangeman died in Surry County February 10, 1792.
As for the paternal side, Thomas and Elizabeth Stockton Lockhart, my great grandparents, were in Orange County, North Carolina prior to 1771. William, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Stockton, was born in Orange County in December 1771.
The family sold their property in North Carolina in 1780 and returned to Henry County, Virginia.
Thomas’ son and his son’s wife, William and Elizabeth Fletcher Lockhart, moved to Surry County, North Carolina about 1800 and remained there until about 1816 when he sold his property and moved to Washington County, Indiana. William appears on the census for 1810 and a tax listing for 1812 showing that he was taxed for 170 acres. William was a farmer and operated a nursery and took cuttings and seeds to Indiana where he also operated a nursery.