Sunday, December 6, 2009

Some events in the life of Joseph Lockhart, born in Washington County, Indiana on December 11, 1828. (Birth date found in notes from the Lockhart family file at the Washington County Historical Society.) Joseph was the son of Joseph and Rachel Gabbert Lockhart. Joseph Jr’s father died several months before his birth leaving a son, Thomas, a daughter, Mary (Polly Ann) and a pregnant wife.
Joseph Srs. personal property was appraised in August and sold at public auction in September of 1828.
1830 Joseph’s (Jr) grandmother, Mary Elisabeth De Pauw Gabbert, dies and is buried at the family farm near Campbellsburg, Indiana.
January 10, 1831 Joseph’s (Jr) mother, Rachel Gabbert Lockhart, marries her 2nd husband, George Brittain, in Washington County.
Sometime between 1831 and 1839, Rachel Gabbert Lockhart Brittain gives birth to George W. Brittain, Joseph’s (Jr.) ½ brother.
April 13, 1835 Thomas Gabbert, with Robert Smith as his security is appointed guardian of Polly Ann, Thomas & Joseph Lockhart infant heirs of Joseph Lockhart dec’d. Bond $300.
May 14, 1836 Joseph’s (Jr.) grandfather, Thomas Gabbert, marries 2nd Frances Jane Hungate.
January 25, 1838 John De Pauw, Joseph’s great uncle, dies in Grand Gulf, Mississippi and is, later, buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem.
March 10, 1838 Joseph’s (Jr.) grandmother Elizabeth Fletcher Lockhart dies and is buried at Mill Creek Cemetery, Washington County.
June 2, 1838 Joseph’s (Jr.) great uncle Napoleon Bonaparte De Pauw dies and is buried at Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem. Joseph is a minor heir of his estate.
November 14, 1839 Jehu Hungate with Micah Newby as his security, is appointed guardian of Peter, Sally, Patsy Ann Gabbert children of Thomas Gabbert & Polly Gabbert his wife and heir at law of N. Bonaparte De Pauw dec’d and also guardian of Thomas & Joseph Lockhart children of Rachel Lockhart formerly Rachel Gabbert and who are also heirs at law of said N. Bonaparte De Pauw dec’d. Bond $2000.
It appears that Rachel Gabbert Lockhart Brittain and her daughter, Mary (Polly Ann) Lockhart, died sometime between April 13, 1835 and prior to November 14, 1839 when neither were mentioned in the distribution of the estate of N. B. De Pauw and since Rachel would have inherited, she must have died.
Minute Book D, page 74
Tuesday, August 10, 1841
On Examination of the Bond heretofore executed and filed by Jehu Hungate, Guardian of the minor Heirs at Law of Napoleon Bonaparte Depauw decd. Viz. Peter Gabbert, Sally Gabbert, Patsy Ann Gabbert, children of Thomas and Polly Gabbert _and also of Thomas and Joseph Lockheart, children of Joseph Lockhart, formerly Rachel Gabbert, it is Ordered that said Guardian file an Additional Bond, to be approved by the Court. Whereupon the said Guardian files and executes an additional Bond with Zachariah Collier, his security is the penal sum of Two thousand Dollars conditioned according to Law, and is approved by the Court__
March 4, 1842 Ann De Pauw Hungate, Joseph’s great aunt and wife of Jehu, dies and is buried in Standish Cemetery, Vernon Township.
Probate Book D, page 225
Wednesday, August 17, 1842
Comes Robert Smith Sr and files his petition Setting forth that he is Security for one Thomas Gabbert as Guardian of the Heirs of Joseph Lockheart Decd and that Said Gabbert is about to remove out of the jurisdiction of this Court & praying that his Letters of Guardianship may be revoked after due deliberation had thereon It is ordered and Decreed by the Court that Said Letters of Guardianship be and they are hereby Revoked: and upon Suggestion it is ordered by the Court that Robert Smith be appointed Guardian of Said Heirs to wit Joseph & Thomas Lockheart heirs of Joseph Lockheart Decd and thereupon said Smith Executes and files Bond with Stephen Hole as his Security in the penalty of $400.00 conditioned and payable according to Law and makes Oath thereto and is by the Court approved __
Probate Book D, page 238
Monday, November 14, 1842
James Smith
vs. In Chancery
Thomas Gabbert Thomas
Lockheart & Joseph Lockheart Comes said Complt by John H Butler Esq his atty an on his motion of James G May Esq is appointed Guardian Ad litem of Thos Lockheart & Joseph Lockheart Defendants, who are Minors__
***(See synopsis at end of listings.)
Probate Book D, page 243
Thursday, November 17, 1842
Thursday Morning November 17, 1842. Court sits pursuant to adjournment present the same Judge as of yesterday
Comes Thomas Gabbert former Guardian of the heirs of Joseph Lockheart Decd Robert Smith Senior the present Guardian of said Minors and files herein an account Current with Said Heirs by which it appears that there came in to the hands of Said Gabbert by the Sale of the Real Estate of Said Decedent on the 13th day of May 1836. The sum of One hundred and Twenty five Dollars. And it appearing to the Satisfaction of the Court that said Gabbert paid to the widow of said decedent the sum of $41.66 2/3 it being one third of said sum & that he is chargeable as Guardian with Two thirds of the amount of said sale being $83.33 1/3. Interest on the said last Mentioned Sum up to this date $38.66 X together the sum of $121.99 1/3, and then upon said Smith files voucher No 6 amount $16.33 1/3 which is allowed by the Court and passed to the Credit of said Gabbert leaving in his hands the sum of $105.66 and said Smith files his receipt for the said last mentioned sum being $105.66 which closes the Guardianship of said Gabbert in full, which is approved by the Court.
Comes Robert Smith Sr Guardian of the Heirs of Joseph Lockheart Decd and acknowledges the receipt of $105.66 from Thomas Gabbert former Guardian of said wards, as appears by the settlement of said Gabbert herein __
And later that day….
Probate Book D, page 246
Thursday, November 17, 1842
James Smith
vs. In Chancery
Thomas Gabbert et al
Comes said Complt by his atty and also comes J. G. May Esq Guardian Ad litem of Minor Defts herein, and files his answer setting forth that he is ignorant of the Matters and things in said Complts Bill of Complt and praying the Court to protect the interest of said Minors and thereupon on Motion of said Complt by his said Solct, the deposition on file herein are ordered to be published, and said Defendants having been there soleXmly called come not but Make Default and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that process X herein had been duly served on said Defendants at least thirty days before the first day of the present Term of this Court. And on Motion of said Complainants solicitor this Cause is submitted to the Court on bill answer and deposition, and the Court take further time to consider herein, until tomorrow to which time this Cause is deferred __
***(See synopsis at end of listings.)
Probate Book D, page 391
Friday, February 16, 1844
Comes Robt Smith Sr Guardian of Joseph Lockhearts Heir’s and files his account Current herein. Acnt of former Guardian $105.66. Interest up to this date $7.76. Making in all $113.42 and he files Vouchers from No 2 to 5. X amounting to $13.09 which are allowed by the Court and passed to his Credit & leaves a balance of $99.44 in his hands with which he is chargeable & is approved by the Court__
October 1844 Joseph’s (Jr.) grandfather Thomas Gabbert dies in Buchanan County, Missouri.
December 21, 1845 Joseph’s brother Thomas marries Nancy Hostetler in Lawrence County, Indiana.
January 14, 1846 Joseph’s (Jr.) grandfather William Lockhart dies and is buried at Mill Creek Cemetery, Washington County.
Minute Book E, page 441
Wednesday, February 10, 1847
Comes Robert Smith Guardian of the Heirs of Joseph Lockhart Deceased and moves the Court for Settlement and files his account Current. Balance in his hands at last settlement $99.44 interest on said sum to this date $19.69 making in all the sum of $116.13 and he files vouchers no 6 to no 9 amounting in the aggregate to the sum of $17.16 which are allowed by the court and leaves a balance in his hands for said Heirs of $98.17. To Joseph Lockhart one of said Heirs $49.48 and he files distributive receipt no 1 for $15.80 X to Thomas leaving a balance for said Thomas of $33.68 with which balances Said Guardian is chargeable. All of which is approved.
Minute Book F, page 264
Saturday, May 18, 1850
Comes Robert Smith Guardian of the minor heirs of Joseph Lockhart decd and files the receipts of Thomas Lockhart for twenty three dollars and sixty eight cents and of Joseph Lockhart for fifty six dollars & twenty cents, in full of their respective shares in the personal estate of said deceased. Which closes the trusts of said Guardian and said Wards all of which is approved by the court.
Minute Book F, page 293
Friday, August 16, 1850
Comes Jehu Hungate Guardian of Joseph Lockheart and files the Receipt of said Ward for one hundred and fourteen dollars and twenty seven cents in full.
1850 census taken August 19 Vernon Township, Washington County. Joseph listed as a farm laborer living with his great aunt and uncle Zachariah and Keziah De Pauw Collier.
Also on the 1850 census for Vernon Township is Joseph’s brother Thomas listed as an engineer and Thomas‘ wife Nancy and a one year old baby girl Cyntha Hungate.
August 2, 1852 marriage license issued to Joseph Lockhart and Mary E. Elliott in Washington County, Indiana. No return seems to have been filed.
Benjamin Franklin Lockhart born August 1853.
William C. Lockhart born 1854.
Sarah A. Lockhart born 1857.
1860 census Northeast Township, Orange County, Indiana. Listed as 30 year old farmer with his wife Mary and children Franklin, William and Sarah.
October 16, 1863 Joseph’s uncle, William Gabbert, dies in Benton County, Arkansas.
William Gabbert was a Guerilla or Bushwacker in Vernon Co, Missouri during the Civil War. Following is a quote from the Bushwacker Museum and Vernon County Historical Society.“On May 26, 1863, the day Federal militia burned Nevada (a town in Missouri), Gabbert and his band had raided and burned the militiamen's own homes in Cedar County. Cutting their returning trail, the militia followed them."They are doubtless at old Bill Gabbert's," said the leader, Capt. Anderson Morton, "for that is a noted guerrilla rendezvous, and old Bill and his boys have been Bushwhackers since the war broke out. "They have been on a raid into Cedar, boys. God knows what they have done. Let us leave none of them alive!" Achieving surprise, the 100 attackers killed seven, and burned the house. "The yells and shouts of the militia, the screams of the frightened women, and the groans of the dying made a most terrifying din." Next day the women buried the "ghastly" corpses in Dunnegan Grove. Gabbert himself was one of those who escaped. He "mounted an un­bridled and unsaddled horse and outstripped the tired and jaded steeds of the militia in a race for life across the prairie." He reached Arkansas safely, but by October 16 was dead of unknown causes, and is reported buried at Walnut Springs, four miles south of Bentonville.”
Rachel Lockhart born August 1864.
Elizabeth Lockhart born January 1866.
March 6, 1866, Keziah De Pauw Collier, Joseph’s great aunt and wife of Zachariah, dies and is buried in Livonia Cemetery, Madison Township, Washington County.
April 5, 1867, Peter De Pauw, Joseph’s great uncle dies in Kentucky.
1870 census taken June 8 Vernon Township, Washington County, Indiana. Listed as a farm laborer with his wife Mary and children Franklin, William C., Sarah A., Rachel and Elizabeth.
Also on the 1870 census Joseph’s brother Thomas and his wife Nancy are listed. Thomas is listed as a farm laborer.
Dora A. Lockhart born.
Jessie H. Lockhart born October 11, 1870.
Effie Lockhart born 1874.
1880 census Brown Township, Washington County, Indiana. Listed as 52 year old laborer with his wife Mary and children Franklin, Rachel, Dora E., Jessie H. and Effie. Census also states that Joseph’s father was born in North Carolina and his mother born in Kentucky.
1880 census for Jefferson Township, Washington County lists Thomas his wife Nancy and a daughter Dora. Thomas’ occupation is now listed as “physician”. This is Joseph’s brother.
Unknown day in 1893 Dr. Thomas Lockhart is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery,
1900 census Bono Township, Lawrence County, Indiana lists Joseph’s wife, Mary E. Lockhart, as a widow living in Bono with her son Benjamin Franklin Lockhart.

***Synopsis of court records mentioned above.
On April 13, 1835 Thomas Gabbert was named guardian of Polly Ann, Thomas and Joseph Lockhart and obtained permission from Probate Court to sell the children’s interest in the real estate left by their father which seems to have been a forty acre farm. After due process, on the day of the auction Rachel Lockhart (Here I am not sure why she is listed as ‘Lockhart’ because she had remarried to George Brittain.) bid $125.00 for the property, which was the appraised price, but could not furnish the proper bond so the property was sold at the above price to James Smith.
In testimony it was stated that Thomas Gabbert took the money but did not report the sale to the Probate Court nor issue a deed to the property and James Smith sues to obtain the deed.
Making a verbose story short, a deed was awarded to Smith but Smith was also charged for one half of the court costs and the defendants paid for one half.

Monday, November 16, 2009

All in all, as far as family history goes, I have had a very productive month. Several items found include:
1819 Washington County property deed for Phillip Shull.
3 entries in probate books concerning the estate of Phillip and Susanna(h) Shull.
1825 Washington County property deed where William Lockhart sells land to Thomas Gabbert. If you have been paying attention, you know that both of these individuals are my 3rd great grandfathers.
1838 Washington County property deed which states in part, “This Indenture, made this Twenty sixth day of September One Thousand eight hundred and thirty eight between Thomas Gabbert and Frances Jane his wife……”
Frances Jane Hungate was Thomas Gabbert’s 2nd wife, confirmed by the entry in the marriage record book for Washington County (Married May 14, 1836 by Hanes Bartlett, a Methodist deacon.). The legal description on the deed confirms that this was part of the property purchased from William Lockhart in 1825 while Gabbert’s 1st wife Mary Elizabeth (Polly) De Pauw was still living. In other words, this confirms that this is my 3rd great grandfather.
The above information and the 1844-1848 estate papers from Buchanan County, Missouri for Thomas Gabbert, which contains a widow’s receipt signed by Frances J. Gabbert, confirms this is my 3rd great grandfather.
In 1808 the federal government released lands in several states for sale and these sales were recorded at Jeffersonville, Indiana Territory. A William Lockhart made the following purchases:
Entry # State County Legal Acres Date
00087 In Clark SW S07 TO1 N1OE 160 1808 05 06
00111 In Clark Same as above 160 1808 05 06
01145 In Clark Same as above 160 1811 04 27
I have made several attempts to find these records (and a record from 1816) in the State Archives but have not, as of yet, been able to wake up the staff long enough to have a reply.
Here it should be noted that Washington County was formed in 1814 and took part of Clark County. This property could then could then have been located in Washington County. While the dates, 1808-11 are very early, this does not mean that William was in the area by that date. I will need to find deed transfers and surveys (if they exist) to confirm when William and family moved from Virginia to Indiana. William and family appear on the 1820 census for Washington County. The earliest date that I have for the Gabbert family is 1823 when Joseph, son of William and Elizabeth Fletcher Lockhart married Rachel Gabbert, daughter of Thomas and Mary Elizabeth De Pauw Gabbert.
There is also an agreement between Elizabeth Stockton Lockhart and her son William Lockhart made in PATRICK County, Virginia that I HOPE to obtain.
(There is also a discussion on whether Elizabeth Stockton Lockhart, mother of William, was living with this family at the time. The census shows 2 women over 45 in the household, so Mrs. Lockhart, the senior, could have been one of them and Mrs. Lockhart, the junior, the other.) ****
The May 10, 1848 final accounting of the estate of Napoleon B. De Pauw, a brother of Mary Elizabeth De Pauw Gabbert. The estate mentions Thomas and Joseph Lockhart as heirs of Rachel Gabbert Lockhart Brittain. Again, if you have been paying attention, you know that this Joseph is my great grandfather and Rachel is his mother. The papers also mention a minor heir, George Brittain, son of Rachel by her 2nd husband (this is a new find, no mention of this individual in any records before). There is no mention of Polly (Mary) Lockhart (sister of Thomas and Joseph) nor Rachel, other than deceased.
Several probate and guardianships concerning direct relatives.
An 1842 lawsuit filed against Thomas Gabbert as former guardian of Thomas and Joseph Lockhart by the new guardian. Of course, being of such quick wit, I have not exactly figured this one out however it does mention a 40 acre farm belonging to the estate of Joseph Lockhart (d. 1828). This property was not mentioned in the estate papers that I have from 1828.
**** I do love confusing you all.

Friday, October 16, 2009

Copy of land purchase for Phillip Shull in Washington County in 1819.

If you have an idea on how to find the location, let me know.

Friday, September 25, 2009

In keeping with posting family news, the following 2 edited emails from Robin.

On Thu, Sep 24, 2009 at 8:24
Hi Uncle Jon, We took a break from going into the city. There is construction going on at the house and I need to be around to sort of oversee things. I don't know if my mom told you, but we are putting the house up for sale in the spring. When there is a break in the action here, my daughter and I will be going back into NYC as she is trying to find a modeling agency to sign her. I would love to visit with Kelly. I know I have asked for her email address before and must have misplaced it. If you could give it to me again, I would appreciate it. Thanks again for forwarding the family info.
Sorry to take so long to get back to you on that. Always love to see what you're sending. As far as what we all will be doing after the house is sold, remains to be worked out. It is time for some changes. It is just too much work and too expensive to maintain. My mom is becoming very limited in what she is physically able to do. My brother thought that he could build her an apartment at his house, but he may have to sell his house also because he can't find work. My daughter is graduating this year and wants to pursue modeling and acting. Although I would prefer to move elsewhere, NYC is the place for her to try to get a start. As long as my mother and brother are still here, we will stay. It's too bad my mom can't come out there to visit. I know she would really love to, but I don't think she is up to it. Anyway, that's the update from NJ. Hope things are going well at your end. Thanks for keeping in touch, it means a lot. Robin

On Fri Sept 25, 2009

Hi Uncle Jon- I will check with my mom for the address, thanks. My brother was let go from his job in the spring and as yet has not been able to find another one. It is very hard here right now because of the economy. He taught part time at a college a few years back and I believe he intends to see if possibly he could do that again. I know he talked about needing to get another degree in order to do it full time.
I wanted to let you know that my daughter was able to use and apply family history information on the Revolutionary war record of Edward Pedeford (Pedigo) in her studies of that war. In fact, it is made mention that the Continental Army encamped at Hopperstown (HoHoKus,NJ). Washington made a house there, called the Hermitage, his headquarters in July of 1778. We pass it almost everyday. Many years ago, both I and my mom were volunteers there. My mother made patterns from old dresses found in the attic and from that constructed new ones that tour guides could wear. I was a guide for a time. But according to the info, Pedigo would have been at Camp White Plains at the time, which is not that far. My brother got a degree from Pace University, located there. For my daughters' American History class, we have a special focus on the 400th Anniversary of the founding of the Hudson River this year, and the history of this region. So it is interesting to connect some historical dots. We are actually visiting West Point tomorrow and the spot where they hung Major John Andre for treason because of his connection with Benedict Arnold. We will try to send some pictures. I need to catch up with the blogs so I can share some of our stuff. Take care- Robin

Saturday, September 12, 2009

These stories are meant to augment the will and story on Google documents.
John Scarborough 1649, London - 1706, London (wrote will)
John Scarborough 1667, London - 1727, Bucks County (son)
Sarah Scarborough, daughter of the son, married George Haworth who wrote the letters in a previous post.

"People called Quakers" in Pennsylvania-
BY SAMUEL SMITH. (Continued from page 40.)
John Scarborough, of London, coach-maker, coming into the country in the year 1682, brought with him his son, of the same name, then a youth, and taking up a tract of land, in Middletown aforesaid, became one of the first settlers in those parts, and remained there till about the latter end of this year, when he embarked for his native country again, with an intent to bring his wife and family, to spend the remaining part of his days in peace, and in the enjoyment of that freedom and liberty of conscience to worship in the manner he was persuaded to be his duty, which had been denied him in his own country ; having been several times imprisoned, and suffered much persecution and hardship on those accounts. During his stay here, provisions being sometimes scarce, he had occasion to remark the providences of God towards himself, and those near him, in some unexpected supplies of that kind; particularly in the first year, when they were most put to it, the wild pigeons came in such numbers, that the air was sometimes darkened by their flight; and flying low, those that had no other means to take them, sometimes supplied themselves by throwing at them as they flew, and stilting up what they could not eat, they served them for bread and meat in one. They were thus supplied, at times, for the first two or three years, by which time they had raised sufficient out of the ground by their own labour; those settlers had at this time neither horses nor plough, but tilled the ground with hoes. The natives were remarkably kind to them, in supplying them with such provisions as they could spare, and were otherwise serviceable in many respects.
Having made some improvements on his plantation, and got things ready for his voyage, leaving his son under the care of a Friend, he set sail for England ; but finding his wile, who was of another persuasion, not willing to venture with him, and persecution beginning to cease, he did not return again, but after some time giving his possessions to his son, with a particular charge, by letters, to fear God, and mind the Truth he was convinced of; he told him withal, that he believed it to be the Lord's doing to dispose of him in that manner, and that he would bless him, and make him serviceable, if he continued faithful to him ; concluding with this particular charge, that when it should be well with him, to be sure to be kind to the poor Indians, who had been kind to them, when they were in great need. His son, remaining with the Friend with whom he was left, afterwards settled at Middletown, on the place given to him by his father, and in time had something to say in public meetings. In the year 1700, he removed further up into the wilderness, as about Buckingham and Solebury was then accounted. He first went up alone to view the land ; and receiving confirmation, as he thought, that it was his place to remove, and that there would be a religious people raised to inhabit thereaway, he accordingly removed his family up thither. Soon after him several families of Friends followed. They held meetings at each others' houses for some time, till their numbers increasing, they built a meeting-house. The lands being laid out into townships, the place where he dwelt fell in Solebury, but the meeting-house in Bucking, ham, by which name it since goes, and is now become a large congregation. This John Scarborough was kind to the Indians, and used to say they were a sensible people, had an honest principle, and from his acquaintance with them, he had perceived they acknowledged an Almighty Supreme Being, whom they called a good Manetta or Spirit, that would reward them if they did well, and that they should then live with him after death; and that, on the other hand, there was another Manetta, or evil Spirit, that was beneath, to whom they must go after death, if their deeds were evil.
VOL. XIX, NO. 6.

John Scarborough is assumed to have been buried in Bunhill Fields.
Bunhill Fields burial ground was the first freehold property owned by Quakers, bought in 1661 and used until 1855 for 12,000 burials. It predates the more famous dissenters' ground across Bunhill Row, although the area ('Bone Hill') was long associated with burials. George Fox, Edward Burrough and John Bellers were buried here; among the many during the plague were 27 Quakers who died still in harbor on the ship Black Eagle 'when under sentence of banishment for the Truth', as the burial register entries read.
Graves were meant to be unmarked, as monuments were 'of no service to the deceased', but stones did appear. In about 1750 Robert Howard, an Old Street tinplate worker, found a stone marked 'G.F.', and demanded it should be hammered into rubble. At about that time, it is reported that when a wall was being removed a lead coffin was found, inscribed with George Fox's initials and age. The body was re-interred but the site was not marked until 1881.
Additional information on the will of John Scarborough:
"The original of this apparently unprobated will was purchased by Henry W. Scarborough, Esq., of Philadelphia, Pa. from Miss Sarah B. Paxson of Solebury, Pa. 7/9/32. She received it from her father W. Wallace Paxson and he from his father John Knowles Paxson and he from his father Aaron (son of Thomas Paxson) Aaron Paxson was one of the Executors of the will of his wife's kinswoman Jane Margerum Scarbrough the wife of the noted Quaker Preacher John Scarborough into whose possession the will had doubtless come from John Scarborough his father (the son of the testator) John Scarbrough of London. All of the said Scarbroughs and Paxsons resided in Solebury Township, Bucks Co., Pa."
[On the reverse of the photostat of will is written] "John Scarborough, son of Wm. Scarborough of Hoosier Lane, London, who was born 1598, belonged to Peel Monthly Meeting of Friends and is buried at Bunhill Fileds. (letter from Henry W. Scarborough 15 June 1922 to the Pennsylvania Genelogical [sic] Society)"

Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. 19
Pages 310-311
Minute Book ‘G’
The Prop'ry, by Lease and Release, dated 24th and 25th Jan'y, 1681, Granted to Amy Child 500 Acres Mentioned page 27.
Edward Stanton Intermarrying with the said Amy obtained from the Comm'rs, J. Cl. and R't T. a Warrant dated 18th 9 mo., 1686, for taking up the same w'ch was executed above the Manor of Highlands in Solebury Township.
Charles Read, Second Husband of the said Amy, in a Joint Deed with her, Dated 10th 10 mo., 1698, Sold and Convey'd the said 500 Acres of Land then called, but 492 Acres to John Scarborough, his Heirs, &c.
Since the first Survey of the said Land which was 10th Apr., 1698, the lines have been altered by the surveyors so much that the Bounds are altogether uncertain as is reported, the said John therefore Requests a Resurvey. Ordered that a Warrant be accordingly granted.
John Scarborough, by Lease and Release, dated 3d and 4th .fuly, 1682, purchased of the Prop'ry 250 Acres in righ't of which he Obtained a Warr't from the Prop'ry dated 6th 2 mo., 1683, for a City Lott but was never executed. John Scarborough by an Instrum't dated 15th sbr., 1696, appointed his only Son, John Scarborough, his Attorney, to Sell, Dispose off, enter into, &e., all his Lands and Lotts, &c., in Pennsylvania.
The said John Scarborough. Junr., Requests a renew'd Warrant to take up the said Lott. Granted for a Vacant Lott in the 5th Street and no other where.

The above bit of information, “John Scarborough by an Instrum't dated 15th sbr. (September), 1696, appointed his only Son, John Scarborough, his Attorney, to Sell, Dispose off, enter into, &e., all his Lands and Lotts, &c., in Pennsylvania.”, causes some confusion with Srs. will dated October 15, 1696.

Tuesday, August 25, 2009

From the Library of Virginia:
Journal of the House of Delegates of Virginia, 1795.
Page 60.
“RESOLVED that it is the opinion of this committee, that the petition of Elizabeth Tanner, widow of Christopher Tanner, who died by sickness contracted in serving a tour of duty in the militia of Culpeper county, at the siege of York, praying that in consideration thereof , and the petitioner’s being in needy circumstances, with several children to maintain, that she may have some compensation or allowance from the state, for her relief and support, be rejected.”
Elizabeth Catharina Aylor, b. March 06, 1719 in Botenheim, Wuttenberg, Germany, married Christopher Tanner c. 1742 in Virginia. (Christopher and Elizabeth were my 5th great grandparents.)

I have not yet found a copy of the above petition, one assumes that the facts are somewhat correct. It would seem to prove that Christopher died after 1781 and prior to 1795. I have a copy of Christopher’s will that shows that court paperwork to process the will started in 1795 and seemed to continue until the will was recorded in 1817.
The above information also seems to prove that Christopher was at York where his son Jacob died in service.

From the Library of Virginia:
On the 25th Sunday after Trinity 1782, at the Hebron Lutheran Church ,Culpeper Co. Va. ( now Madison Co.) there was among the communicants a GeorgeUTZ and his wife Christina. They were sitting with Conrad DELP and wife,Magdalena [Castler], Christopher TANNER and his wife, Elizabeth [ Aylor] andCornelious CARPENTER and wife Mary [Weber].
The above seems to prove that Christopher was alive on the 25th Sunday after Trinity 1782 (whatever date that would be). At least he was in church, either alive or dead, sitting in a pew.

And this from the DAR: A search of our Patriot Index provided the information found below.
COCHRAN, Edward Birth: 1743 Service: VA Rank: Sol Death: VA Before (ante) 1 Jul 1816 Patriot Pensioned: No Widow Pensioned: No Children Pensioned: No Heirs Pensioned: No Spouse: (1) Mary Edwards

Well, the DAR seems to think that Edward served sometime, somewhere during the Revolution. I, on the other hand, have been unable to find any official record of his service.

The tax records of Henry County give us a few clues to the Cockrams and their property during the time of the revolution. In 1779 Edward Cockram's name appears on the tax list followed by numbers indicating his holdings and the amount of tax he owed. A notation by Edward Cockram's name indicated he was to be taxed double, an apparent indication of his refusal to take the oath of allegiance to Virginia.

Edward Cockran/Cockram was the father of Lucinda Leah Cockran who married Henry Pedigo in Franklin County, Virginia on either November 17, 1790 or November 23, 1790. They were married by Randolph Hall a Baptist minister. (Edward Cockran/m was a 4th great grandfather.)

Monday, August 10, 2009

Photo from another cousin. This is either: (probably)
1. William and Mary Elliott, brother and sister-in-law of Mary E. Elliott Lockhart, my great grandmother.
2. William and Mary Elliott, parents of Mary E. Elliott Lockhart.
As I understand it, the photo is inscribed on reverse, 'William and Mary Elliott'. Our cousin has always thought that it was Mary's parents.
I guess that I should have mentioned that you can contact me by leaving a comment on this web site. Just click on the ‘Comments’ icon at the end of each post.
Things that I am working on this summer.

1. Christopher Tanner's Revolutionary War service record. If it exists.
2. The Indiana portion of the estate of Thomas Gabbert. If it exists.
a. Record of land purchases and sales.
b. Record of distribution of any proceeds.
3. Land purchases and sales for Thomas and Elizabeth Stockton Lockhart.
A. Record of any estate.
4. Any record for Henry and Phoebe Aton.

I also have another web site that displays primary documents on a rotating basis.
This site requires an invitation to view. If you did not receive an invitation and
would like to view or copy them, just email me and I will send an invitation.

I would also like to welcome MooreBranchesFamily to the web site. If you are family and are interested in a particular family, I would be happy to share what information that I have.

Friday, July 31, 2009

Photo of William and Rebecca Wade Gabbert, c. 1860.
William was the son of Thomas and Mary Elizabeth De Pauw Gabbert and the brother of Rachel who married Joseph Lockhart. If you can't figure this out, William was my 2nd great uncle.

Sunday, July 26, 2009

If any are keeping count (and I am not under the illusion that you are), a list of known direct relatives who served in or for the United States as armed or unarmed patriots.

Lockhart side:
Charles De Pauw, French army, Revolutionary War.
Charles De Pauw, Kentucky militia, War of 1812.
Mathias Gabbert, patriot, Virginia, Revolutionary War.
Dawson Shull, Indiana artillery unit, Civil War.
Ralph Lockhart, Army, World War I.

Myers side:
Jacob Tanner, Virginia militia, Revolutionary War.
Christopher Tanner, Virginia militia, Revolutionary War.
Frederick Tanner, Kentucky militia, War of 1812.
John Zimmerman, patriot, Virginia, Revolutionary War.
Mordecai Mendenhall, patriot, North Carolina, Revolutionary War.
Edward Pedigo, Virginia line, Revolutionary War.
Strangeman Hutchins, patriot, Virginia, Revolutionary War.

This is a work in progress and new names might be added.

Saturday, July 25, 2009

To commemorate the victory over the British at Yorktown, the Continental Congress on October 29, 1781, authorized the Yorktown Victory Monument. Construction began a century later with completion in 1884.
Family members present at the battle:
Lockhart family: Charles De Pauw.
Myers family: Jacob Tanner
There is a possibility that Jacob Tanner's father; Christopher; was also there .

Wednesday, July 22, 2009

Just for the fun of it I have decided to show a copy of some online correspondance with the National Archives. The next bit is one page and all of the information concerns the same order. Remember that this a GOVERNMENT AGENCY!!!!! They could not find their bottom (clean version) with two hands and a map!

Order Status Legend
Your order is currently being reviewed and will be submitted shortly.
Your order has been successfully submitted.
Your order has been reviewed and we are searching our holdings for the requested records. If located, we will photocopy the records.
Awaiting Shipment
We were able to locate the records you requested and have made your photocopies. Your order will be shipped shortly.
Your order is complete and has been shipped by the method selected while placing your order. Your credit card will be charged at this time.
Negative Search
We were unable to locate the records you requested. You will receive a written notice by mail indicating the reason.
Your order has been cancelled per your request.
Your order is no longer valid due to unpaid balance.

Monday, July 20, 2009

Still sorting through papers and found another mistake......Oh well.

Saturday, July 18, 2009

Some records that I missed!
I’m not sure where I found the date of October 11, 1869 for the birth of Jesse H. Lockhart, father of Ralph, but it appears that I have made a mistake. Of course, not my first and not my last.

While trying to sort some family records today I noticed that on the 1870 census which lists Joseph and Mary E. Lockhart & family that there was no Jesse. This census page is listed as taken on June 8, 1870 and NO JESSE.

Okay, I go to the 1880 census and find Jesse with Joseph and Mary E. in Brown Township listed as a 9 year old with a birth year of 1871. Okay, census records are a bit iffy so I compare this to the 1900 census. Jesse and his wife, Martha Jane Shull (Mattie) were living in Washington Township with Ralph, a one year old son. This census was taken on June 19-20-21, 1900 and it lists his birth month as October, the birth year as 1870, his age as 29 and married one year.

The next record checked was his marriage certificate and marriage return. Jesse and Martha were married on December 11, 1898. His “age next birthday” is listed as 29. So, if you do the math, the preponderance of evidence (2 out of 3) indicates his birth as October (11), 1870.

As for Martha Jane Shull, census listings and the marriage return show her birth year ranging from 1876 to 1881.….take your pick! And of course, most records list her as either Martha A. or Mattie A.. The only mention of her as Martha J. is her obituary.

Sunday, July 12, 2009

Woooops! I think it is best if I stop looking into this side of the family!
One Robert Wilson of Halifax, Yorkshire was gibbeted (the loss of one’s head, literally) in Halifax in 1598; his crime seems to have been counterfeiting. Now I will admit that this side of the family is a bit fuzzy and I have not confirmed that this is in fact one of my 12th great grandfathers. But, it seems more than coincidental that Robert Wilson from Halifax who died in 1598 is listed as the husband of Agnes Midgley, who had a daughter named Janet Elizabeth who married William Swyft. I guess that they weren’t all parsons

Sunday, June 28, 2009

Rachel Gabbert, daughter of Thomas and Mary Elizabeth De Pauw Gabbert, was born in either Lincoln or Casey County, Kentucky about 1808.
Her birth date is unknown however, because of the date of her marriage, she is assumed to be the first child. Given that, and the marriage date of
her parents, it is assumed that she was born March/April 1808.
Census References:
++1810 census, Casey County, 2 girls under 5++
++1820 census Liberty Township, Casey County,++

The Gabberts moved to Washington County, Indiana between 1820 and 1823.
Rachel Gabbert was married in Washington County, Indiana to Joseph Lockhart March 20, 1823. Rachel and Joseph were married by Amos Wright who was the pastor of Mill Creek Church of Christ. The Lockharts were members of the church, the Gabberts were not on a list of members. Joseph was the son of William and Elizabeth Fletcher Lockhart; born in Virginia about 1798. Rachel would have been somewhere around 15 years old and Joseph would have been around 25 years of age. I assume that Joseph is buried, along with his parents, in Mill Creek Cemetery.

Joseph died before August 22, 1828 when his estate was appraised. He would have been around 30. Rachel's father, Thomas Gabbert, was administrator of Joseph's estate. The estate was appraised August 22, 1828 and sold on September 20, 1828.

Rachel was pregnant and a widow with 2 children, Polly and Thomas, at about the age of 20. Joseph (2nd) the son of Rachel and Joseph (1st) was born Dec. 11, 1828, about 5-6 months after Joseph's (1st) death.

Rachel married George Brittain Jan. 10, 1831, about age 23. Rachel seems to have died about 1835, about age 27. Rachel's father, Thomas Gabbert, was appointed guardian of the Lockhart children in 1835.

Polly Lockhart seems to have died prior to November 1839 when she was not mentioned on a guardianship concerning the estate of N. B. De Pauw. Napoleon Bonaparte De Pauw was Rachel Gabbert's uncle who died June 2, 1838. (Above)

Tuesday, June 16, 2009

And now, something old (other than myself)....

Property deed for Henry Trent, one of my 7th great grandfathers, dated November 7, 1673. Yes, it is in English! Location: Henrico County, Virginia. Description: 200 acres begg. at Mr. Place’s line half a mile from the river being at the head of Coleford.

And something new..............

Kathryn and Kaitlin in the Arizona desert, Christmas, 2008.

Wednesday, June 10, 2009

It may be remembered by some of you that Jacob and Dorothy Zimmerman Tanner are my 4th great grandparents on the Mendenhall-Pedigo side of the family.

Acts of the Virginia Assembly 1794.
Chapter LVII. (Passed December 18, 1794.)
An Act concerning Sarah Tool and Dorothy Tanner.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That Sarah Tool, widow of Richard Tool, (who during the late war enlisted as a gunner on board the Henry Galley belonging to this commonwealth, and died in the services thereof) shall be placed on the list of pensioners, and allowed the sum of eight pounds per year.

Sec. II. And be it further enacted, That Dorothy Tanner, the widow of Jacob Tanner, a soldier, who was in the service of this state during the late war, and died in the same, shall be placed on the list of pensioners, and allowed the sum of eight pounds a year.

Sec.III. And be it further enacted, That the auditor of public accounts shall, and he is hereby authorised and required, on application to him made, to issue to the said Sarah Tool and Dorothy Tanner, a warrant on the treasurer for the sum of twelve pounds each for their immediate relief.

Sec. IV. This act shall commence and be in force from and after the passing thereof.

You may also remember that I had, in previous letters, made mention that Jacob Tanner was a soldier in the Revolution and that Dorothy had recieved a pension but that I was not able to find a copy of any application. I guess that this "Act" is better proof than an application? Still no application. However, yesterday I found some of the records of payment of the pension to Dorothy Zimmerman Tanner and have included the last record from 1812 in the image above.
If some of you have trouble reading the did I.

Tuesday, June 2, 2009

Family reunion at Fence Row, May 3, 2009.

1. Adam.

2. Colin and Chayla.

3. Kirby, Elise, Kevin and Kathryn.

4. Jeanine, Colin and Chayla.

Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Saltillo Cemetery, Brown Township, Washington County, Indiana.
Jesse Locdkhart and his mother Mary E. Elliott Lockhart and probably his father Joseph are buried in this cemetery. I visited this cemetery about 55 years ago and remember my father saying that it was a very rainy (May 16, 1909) the day his father was buried.
Photo: flickr, Cindy 47452

Thursday, May 21, 2009

An email from Bobbi.....

Uncle Jon,
I will give you a correction on John. He lives in Arlington, Virginia. His main office is there also, but his work often takes him into Washington, D.C. The bank he works for has a branch office pretty much kiddy corner to the White House!
He recently visited Kelly in New York, and he tries to visit Jean, Karen, Robin, and Wally and his family on occasion also.
Thank you for posting Kelly’s email also. I am glad to hear she is back to full time work.
I did not know that Terri was not married. Thanks for sharing that information also.
You are keeping the family in touch with each other. How does it feel to be the great facilitator!?!?!?
On our end, my kids have been battling sinus infections. They are both on rounds of antibiotics and have missed a few days of school. We had a pretty healthy winter. You would think with summer being at our door step everyone would be over all of this, but it has been going around. Over Memorial Day Weekend, the kids and I are trying to squeeze in a quick trip to visit some of my family in southern Wisconsin.
Oh yes, we are foster caring a cat from the Hamilton County Humane Society. It has been awhile since I have been around a cat full time. She has a very sweet personality. The Humane Society is at capacity and is in desperate need of foster care homes and permanent adoptions.
That’s about it for now.
Be good,

Tuesday, May 19, 2009


Well, another embarrassment ! While looking for one family member, I stumbled across another completely unrelated to the one for which I was searching. And, just my luck, another preacher! I knew that I came from a rather strange family but the ratio of ministers, preachers and reverends has now become a total embarrassment! Oh well, I guess if you don’t have horse thieves or other felons in your line, you settle for a worse thing… of the cloth.

The relative that I stumbled across is the Reverend Henry Hager, a direct relative of Myers-Mendenhall side of the family and some of his descendants who, by the way, married into another line of the Myers-Mendenhall line. (Isn’t there some rule about marring cousins? Of course, along with religion, marrying cousins time after time might be some explanation of why I am the brilliant and handsome person that I am.) So, I have decided to take the easy route and discuss this 7th great grandfather of mine. Well, not that easy, I have had to read through about several hundred pages and sort out some inconsistencies in the information but since I have had nothing on this branch before, it is a start.

Most of the information below, edited, comes from, Genealogy of the Fishback Family in America, 1714-1914, published in 1914. The Fishbacks are 1st cousins, 6 times removed.

Johann Henrich Haegar was born at Antzhausen, September 25, 1644. He was the son of Henry Haeger, the school master at Antzhausen, a village about 5 miles due east of Siegen and one of the 27 villages of the parish of Netphen. Antzhausen was in the Catholic part of the county and during some of the troubles between the two faiths, about 1652-4, Henry Haeger moved with his family to the northwest of Siegen into the Protestant part of the county. Johann Henrich Haeger studied theology and on September 25, 1678, his thirty-fourth birthday, was appointed the third teacher in the Latin school at Siegen. Under the date of December 3, 1678, the following appears on the record of the Siegen School: 'The worthy and learned Mr. Henrich Haeger of Antzhausen was married to Anna Catharine, daughter of Jacob Friesenhagen, former Mayor of Freudenberg.' Freudenberg is about six miles a little northwest of Siegen. This union lasted more than fifty-four years, for the wife was living when Mr. Haeger made his will in April, 1733.

They had 12 children, all born at Siegen except the last, who was born at Oberfischbach. Apparently only three of Pastor Haeger's children survived. His family at Oberfischbach, shown in [p171] May, 1708 in a census list of the District of Freudenberg (Siegener Landesarchiv, 16, No. 4), consisted only of himself, his wife, his son Johann Friedrich, and his daughters Agnes Catharina and Anna Catharina, besides a manservant and two maids.

Ancestry and Descendants of the Nassau-Siegen Immigrants to Virginia 1714-1750, . Holtzclaw, 1964.

All the descendants of the 1714 colonists, John Fishback and John Huffman (Hoffman), by their first marriages, are also descended from Rev. Henry Haeger and his wife, Anna Catharine Friesenhagen, who also came over in 1714 with their two daughters, later Mrs. Fishback and Mrs. Huffman (Hoffman). Rev. Henry Haeger was born in Antzhausen in the Catholic part of Nassau-Siegen in 1644, and was christened at Netphen Aug. 27, 1644. His father, Henrich Haeger, was the schoolmaster at Antzhausen. Henry Haeger attended the Gymnasium or Latin School at Siegen as a young man, and from there went to the Herborn Paedogogium for further training, being admitted there April 16, 1668. He became a teacher in the Siegen Gymnasium in 1678, and married at Siegen Dec. 3, 1678 Anna Catharine Friesenhagen, daughter of Jacob Friesenhagen, decd., former Mayor of Freudenberg. She was born at Freudenberg May 24, 1663 and was thus nearly 20 years younger than her husband. Henry Haeger continued as a teacher of the third class in the Siegen Gymnasium until 1689, when he was promoted to the position of Conrector, or associate director of the school. He continued to hold this position until 1703, when he was appointed to the pastorate at Oberfischbach. Just before this date he published a book, a translation from the French, which is discussed in the Fishback genealogy. On April 3, 1711 he received permission to retire from the pastorate because of ill health, but this did not prevent him and his family from leaving Oberfischbach in the summer of 1713, and emigrating to the New World. Henry Haeger's full name was Johann Henrich Haeger (see 'History of the Higher School System of Siegen, 1636-1936,' p. 83, for this and other information about Henry Haeger's academic career). Rev. Henry Haeger died in 1737 in Prince William Co., Va., leaving his property to his wife, Anna Catharine, and to his Fishback and Huffman grandchildren. His wife was still living in 1733, when the will was written, but it is uncertain whether she survived him." Holtzclaw, p169.

The map above shows three towns in Germany that are mentioned in the two items above.

The next in this line is Anna Catharine Hager, born in Siegen and baptized on May 15, 1702. As stated above, she came to Virginia with her parents in 1714 and on November 7, 1721, she married another 1714 immigrant, John Hoffman, in Germantown, Virginia.
This John Hoffman was the brother (I hope this is correct….brother or cousin.) of John Henry Hoffman who came to Virginia later with a group of German immigrants who is another direct relative. Anna died on February 9, 1729 in Germantown, Virginia.

The next in line is Agnes Hoffman, daughter of the above Anna and John. Agnes was born on November 25, 1722 either in Germanna or Germantown, Virginia. She married Stephan Harnsberger probably in Germantown about 1741. Agnes died about 1750 in either Orange County or Culpeper County, Virginia.

I have included a chart here (above) to show that Johannes and Gertrud Reichmann Hofmann are my 6th and 7th great grandparents.

The following description of the Germanna Colony is taken from Genealogy of the Family in the United States, Kemper and Wright, 1899.

"Germanna is exactly located by Col. Wm. Byrd, in 1732, in his " History of the Dividing Line." Vol. II, p. 64. " The river winds in the form of a horseshoe about Germanna, making it a peninsula, containing about 400 acres. Rappahanock forks about fourteen miles below this place." Both branches of the river were originally called Rappahanock, the southern fork is now called Rapidan.
The earliest description of Germanna that has been found is in the diary of John Fountain. He with John Clayton and perhaps several friends, visited the settlement on November 20 and 21, 1715. He says : " About 5 P. M. we crossed a bridge that was made by the Germans, and about 6 we arrived at the German settlement. We went immediately to the minister's house ; we found nothing to eat, but lived upon our small provisions, and lay upon good straw. Our beds not being very easy, as soon as it was day we got up. It rained hard, notwithstanding we walked about the town, which is palisaded with stakes stuck in the ground, and laid close the one to the other, and of substance to bear out a musket shot. There are but nine families, and they have nine houses built all in a line, and before every house, about twenty feet distant from it, they have small sheds built for their hogs and hens ; so that hog styes and houses make a street. The place that is paled in is a pentagon very regularly laid out, and in the very center there is a block house made with five sides which answer to the five sides of the great in- closure ; there are loop holes through it, from which you may see all the inside of the inclosure. This was intended for a retreat for the people, in case they were not able to defend the palisades if attacked by the Indians. They make use of this block house for divine service. They go to prayers constantly once a day and have two sermons on Sunday........ We went to hear them perform their service, which was done in their own language, which we did not understand, but they seemed very devout, and sang the Psalms very well.
This town or settlement lies upon the Rappahanock River, thirty miles above the falls and thirty miles from any inhabitants. The Germans live very miserably. We would tarry here some time, but for want of provisions we are obliged to go. We got from the minister a bit of smoked beef and cabbage, which was very ordinary. We made a collection between us three, of about thirty shillings, for the minister, and about twelve of the clock we took our leave, and set out to return."
This is the earliest recorded description of a German Reformed Congregation, and the services carried on by it in the United States. At Germanna was preached the first sermon to a German Reformed Congregation in the United States, it was preached by the old pastor described in the above extract, Henry Hager, who was certainly the first German Reformed pastor in the United States."

If you were not following this, the minister mentioned above is Henry Hager, my 7th great grandfather.

It seems a rather bleak existence for the assembled group. Reverend Hager and his family left a rather comfortable life in Germany where he had two maids and a man servant to come to Virginia and eat cabbage and sleep on straw. It should also be remembered that Hager was a 70 year old ill man. The hardships seemed to help his condition and he lived to be about 93 years old. They did eventually prosper, purchased land and had farms and frame houses……at least his children and grandchildren did.

1733 WILL: Prince William County Virginia Will Book C 1734-1744. Abstracted and compiled by John Frederick Dorman 1956 pp. 25-26. Page 108 - Will of Henry Hager 10 Apr 1733 " Henry Hager, minister of the Word of God among the Germans at Licking Run in Prince William Co. Va. being sick and weak. Unto my loving wife Anna Catharine all my estate, goods, chattles whatsoever to her during her Natural life. Unto my grandaughter Anna Catharine Fishbach one cow and calf. After the decease of my wife Anna Catharine I will and ordain that all my estate, goods.& chattles whatsoever be then divided amongst my seven grandchildren - Anna Catharine Fishbach, John Frederick Fishbach, Elizabeth Fishbach, and Henry Fishbach, Agnes Hoffman, Anna Catharine Hoffman and John Hoffman. I do hereby revoke and make void all other and former wills and testements by me heretofore made.

H. Hager Verbi Dei Minister

Wittness: Jacob Holtzclaw

Johann Jost, Minister

Johannes Campes

It is believed that Hager died in 1737 and is buried in the Germantown cemetery, near what is now Crockett Park in Fauquier County, Virginia. His wife’s death date is unknown but it is generally assumed the she died a few years later.

Sunday, May 17, 2009

In a phone call this morning, Martha told me that Terri was married yesterday, May 16, 2009.

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Email from Kelly today.


The garden looks nice! We have had some nice days and a lot of rain too. One day was 90, felt like middle of July. Yes, the tree outside of my window has lots of green on it now.

I sent Karen an email but haven't heard back. I hope her brothers are helping out, and she's not having to do everything.

Went to the Design on a Dime event, which was on Thursday. My old boss sponsors it for charity. It was not as good as years past. Ty Pennington was there for Sears- from that Home Makeover show on Sunday nights. And, Jacklyn Smith was there- she looks like she hasn't aged. I didn't buy anything.

Today, I tried to go to this sample sale for Domino Magazine. That was that home magazine, and it went out of business. so the editors advertised the sale in the NY Times, and the line was 2 blocks long. I decided I didn't need a bargain that bad.

I am back to working 5 days a week, which I'm glad about. We're going to be pretty busy this summer.

Tuesday, May 5, 2009

I haven’t had a great deal of luck finding new information this month so, I’m just going to put in some documents that most of you may not have seen
The first item is the death certificate of Jesse H. Lockhart, my grandfather. Of note on this item is the cause of death. My father, Ralph, always said that his father died in a farming accident when a horse rolled over on him. I assume that the coroner did not agree. His age at death is listed as 38, he was in fact 39 years, 7 months and 4 days old.

The next four items are from the De Pauw and Gabbert families. Image right: Cover from the consent to marry for Thomas Gabbert and Polly (Mary Elizabeth De Pauw). Translation: Certificate from Charles De Pauw to m. Tomas Gabbert. Yes, I know it is written, "Tomas gebart’, but trust me.
These four images are from the Clerk’s office in Lincoln County, Kentucky and I have digitally cleaned them (somewhat) to remove some ink stains and smudges.
First image following page: Consent.

I hereby declare that I am willing and am fully satisfied that my daughter Polly should be united in the Bonds of Matrimony with Tomas gebert (Gabbert) given under my hand this 27 day of April 1807.
Witnesses: Signed
John DePauw Charles De Pauw
Jesse Brooks Reachel De Pauw
The above document and cover appears to be written in Charles’ hand and all four signatures to be by their own hands.
**** See note at end.
Image right: Cover for the marriage bond of Thomas Gabbert and Polly De Pauw.
Image next page: Copy of the marriage bond for Thomas Gabbert and Polly De Pauw. If you are wondering, Thomas and Polly are my 3rd great grandparents and Charles and Rachel (maybe) are my 4th great grandparents.
Translation from early 18th century Kentuckenese: (Your guess at the missing words is as good as my guess.)
Know all men by these presents that we Thomas Gabbert and Jesse Brooks are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency Christopher Greenup, Esq. in the sum of 50 Pounds current money for the payment of which to be made we bind ourselves *** firmly by these presents sealed with our seals and dated this 5th day of May 1807.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there has (been) a License issued from the Clerk’s office of the Lincoln County Court for a License
to issue for a Marriage intended between the above bound Thomas Gebert (Gabbert) and Polly De Pauw now should there be no legal cause to obstruct said Marriage that then this obligation to be void.
Witness: Signed:
Tho Helm Tho Gebert (Gabbert)
Jesse Brooks

Amanda Rogers Shull, mother of Martha Jane Shull (my grandmother), died on July 17, 1901 in Washington County, Indiana at 62 years of age. There is no official birth date for Amanda so the age of 62 on the death record is probably a guess. Cause of death is listed as bronchitis and tuberculosis. You may remember the first document in this letter lists the cause of death of her son-in-law, Jesse H. Lockhart, as pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an extremely contagious disease and there is a possibility here that one might have caught it from the other. The death record does not state where she is buried, however she is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem.
The mother of Amanda Rogers Shull (above) was Abigail Cloud Maxwell Rogers and was possibly the daughter of the following Joseph Cloud. It is known that Abigail was in Washington County from c. 1813 and he is the only male Cloud that appears on the 1820 and 1830 census for Washington County. It is known that Abigail was in Washington County because of an "Indian Scare" story written in about 1876 and mentions her as a small child. If you have not been privy to the story, I will (happily) email a copy. If you are wondering, she first married Caswell Maxwell in 1829 and had two boys. Caswell died April 5, 1836 and she married John Rogers in 1837 and he seems to have deserted the family prior to 1860 after having a girl (the above Amanda) and a boy.
The following is given in the section of Blue River Monthly Meeting Minutes and Marriages for the name Cloud: 9-7-1816, Joseph received in membership; 2-17-1817, Joseph appointed to committee on spiritous [sic] liquors; 1-4-1823, Joseph, Mt. Pleasant Preparative Meeting was complained of for striking a person and using profane language, condemned his conduct; 11-5-1825, Joseph, Mt. Pleasant Preparative Meeting was complained of for using violence against a fellow creature & using profane language, disowned. For the unknowing, these are Quaker records and the Blue River MM was in Washington County.
It was sometimes a Quaker habit to appoint a member to a committee when that member had a problem with which the committee dealt…..In other words, it sounds like Joseph
may have been a mean drunk.
Emily Jane Aton Shull, mother of Dawson (husband of the above Amanda) died in Salem on January 26, 1895 of heart failure at 87 years of age. While the official death record states 87, she was in fact only 83 years, 11 months and 24 days old when she died. She is also buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem. Emily was born in Adair County, Kentucky and was the daughter of Henry and Phoebe Aton.
Henry Aton died in Washington County prior to June 27, 1827 when probate was filed on his estate. He and his wife are buried in Peugh Cemetery, Monroe Township, Washington County. Their headstone reads "erected by Emily Shull: Henry Aton age 66, Phoebe Aton age 70". This might indicate Phoebe died about five years after Henry.
No, I do not know why Henry sold his land and house with possessions in 1803 but I do know that he was still living in Adair County and owned other property near Leatherwood (Creek) and a home there until after 1820 when he is listed on the census as Henery Ayton.
This Rachel (nee Young) De Pauw was believed to have died in November 1806. This information just adds to the confusion over the wives of Charles De Pauw. However, there is a marriage bond for Charles De Pauw and Peggy Randolph dated March 24, 1808, less than eleven months after Rachel (either his first or second wife) signed the above consent form.
And now for some laughs, I will relate this bit!!!! Please DO NOT TAKE THIS AS FACT!
I will now relate a short story (literary license invoked) about my Presbyterian ancestors…..
It seems that a certain Thomas Lockhart (Captain in the militia and Presbyterian elder), my 4th great grandfather, became infused with, for lack of a better phrase, the Holy Ghost during a Reformed service and jumped up on the back of the pew to declare, "My God is the one true God and pain and suffering to any Unbelievers!"
Poor Thomas was a bit advanced in age and less so in mental capacity, agility and balance. Poor, poor Thomas being unable to retain his balance fell across the pew in front of him causing discomfort to the assembled family of the Widow Scott. This caused the rather large and pompous Widow Scott to emit a rather unchurchly oath and to start swatting poor old Thomas with her paper fan which had the 10 commandants printed on it. After all, ‘Do unto others.’
Poor Thomas seemed to recover from his bumps and burses from the fall and swatting, but things were never quite the same. This event so embarrassed his sons that they seemed to move in mass to Indiana and other points west.
However, his son William, my 3rd g.g., seemed to recover fully from this event and after a few years (not wanting to run the risk of Presbyterian wrath) helped form what is today know as the Christian Church or the Church of God whichever.
Behave yourself in church and don’t jump up on the back of any of the pews especially on one of the days when you attend unclothed……as you have mentioned is your wont to
do. After all, I’m sure that there is a rather large and pompous "Widow Scott" seated somewhere in the congregation and I would not want you to cause any discomfort to the assembled causing you to have to found a new religion.

Well, I laughed anyway……….

Some additional De Pauw info from our Belgian cousin:
1. Livinus Joannes De Pauw (call name: Joannes so Jan Baptiste
+ Ghent, died 12 Apr 1777 as a widower in his house situated Korte Steenstraet in Ghent
and (+) H.Kerst parochie( Holy Saviour parish-Paroisse St.Sauveur)
2. His first wife: Adriana De Bruyckere + Ghent, died O4 Jun 1752 in the same place and was buried in the same parish cemetary.
3. His second wife: Maria Francisca De Pauw (call name:Appolonia)
+ Ghent, died 30 Sep 1756 in the same place and was also buried in the same parish cemetery.
#1. Father of Charles De Pauw.
#2. Father’s first wife.
#3. Father’s second wife and mother of Charles.

Monday, May 4, 2009

This newsletter will cover some of the hunt for the family of Mary E. Elliott, one of my great grandmothers. Not all searches for family members are successful. I will start with what is known about Mary herself and will start at the end of her life and try to work my way back. Death certificate above.

If I have not cautioned before, the information contained on an official document is only as good as the person’s memory that gives the information. In the case above, our informant is "NOT LISTED". The information that needs to have other sources to prove are Date of Birth and Father’s Name and the Birthplace of Father. Her date of birth listed on the 1900 census for Bono Township, Lawrence County is Nov. ‘32, good enough. Her father’s name and place of birth is not so easy as you will see further on in this missive.
I will mention the cause of death, "Remittent Fever". This seems to have been a 19th century diagnosis with symptoms close to malaria. Of course, I have very limited medical knowledge.
Before I proceed very far away from this part, I want to mention the two following records. This information is from "Records of Brown Township" (available in PDF format by searching Google Advanced) Part 6: Casket Lists-Strattan Brothers- 1906-1910 and Part 10: Strattan Brothers Account Book 1906-1910. Strattan Brothers was a hardware store located in Campbellsburg, Brown Township, Indiana.
Lockhart, Mrs. Joseph---casket prior to March 9, 1906 (?)
Lockhart, Mrs. Joseph March 9, 1906 - Jan. 28, 1909
Since the accounts of Strattan Brothers are available only for the years 1906-1910, it would appear that Mary E. Elliott Lockhart’s (Mrs. Joseph) casket was purchased from them in 1905 but not paid for until a later date.
Mary was buried in Saltillo Cemetery, the same cemetery in which her son, my grandfather Jesse, was buried. I can find no record for the death of Mary’s husband Joseph but he died some time between the 1880 census and the 1900 census (as I have stated before, there is no remaining 1890 census). If I were taking bets, I would bet that Joseph is also buried in Saltillo Cemetery. There are no headstones for any of them.
There is a directory for Lawrence County in 1890 with the following list:
This taken from a genweb site for Lawrence Co., Ind.. Taken from a "City Directory"? No other source given. Their parents Joseph and Mary E. were not listed.
B. F. Lockhart (Benjamin Frank(lin) J. H. Lockhart (Jesse H., My grandfather)Occupation: Common laborer Occupation: Common laborer Home Address: Bono Ind. Home Address: Bono Ind. City: Lawrence City: Lawrence State: Indiana State: Indiana Year: 1890 Year: 1890Comment: Bono, lot 107
This is an indication that Lockharts had moved to Bono by this time and that Joseph was dead.****NOTE AT END.
The census page for 1900 is hard to read but if you look closely, you will see that both Benjamin (the son) and Mary E. are renting farms. This is another indication that the Lockharts had moved to Bono by 1890 and were living there, probably, when Joseph died.
I have mentioned the birth date, also of interest are her next door neighbors, The Howards, are Mary’s daughter Rachel and her husband Leonard and their children. Another point is that all of the listed Lockharts could read and write, no big deal today but in that place and time, it was. Another thing to notice is the listed birthplace of her parents, Indiana. On her death record her father is listed as born in Pennsylvania. Keep this in mind because on other records the name of the state changes as well as the name of her father.
Image above: Obit for Elizabeth A. Elliott Douglas who is believed to have been Mary E.’s sister. The important information, for my purpose, is that she was born near Canton (Washington Township, Washington County, Indiana) in 1823, she married William Douglas in 1843 and she is survived by a brother in Iowa, one in Indianapolis and sisters in Orange (Sarah) and Lawrence Counties (Mary). There is no official record of her death filed in Washington County. At this point, there is no proof that she was born near Canton nor, for that matter, in Washington County, but Indiana does seem to be a safe bet.
It is also of some interest that she was buried in Mt. Zion Cemetery. If you have read the letters, you know that Dawson Shull is also buried there and that Jesse Lockhart and his second wife, Martha Jane Shull, were married by the minister of Mt. Zion. (As a digression here, Jesse’s first wife was a woman by the name of Dora who died in Washington Township, Washington County on September 26, 1896 of diphtheria and is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem. A search of marriage indexes in Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky and Ohio listed no marriage for Jesse and Dora.)
Another woman believed to have been Mary’s sister is Sarah Elliott. Sarah was born February 21, 1825 and married James Crocket in Washington County on January 3, 1847. The Crockets soon settled in North East Township, Orange County. Sarah died there on January 22, 1906 and is buried in Trimble Cemetery. Refresh your memory and re-read the obit for Elizabeth A. (Elliott) Douglas, "a sister in Orange (County)".
Part of a biography or James Crockett taken from USGenNet:
"for his second wife Mr. Crockett married Sarah, daughter of William and Mary Elliott, by whom he became father of the children here named: Mary E., Robert N., Martha E., William A., James T., Emma and John. The mother was born February 22, 1822."
Line from the 1900 census for North East Township, Orange County, Indiana.
Crockett Sarah Wife W F Feb 1825 75 M 53 7 6 IN PA PA . . . . . . Yes Yes Yes . . . . .
Okay, if you are reading this carefully, the bio states that Sarah’s parents are William and Mary, it also states that Sarah was born in Indiana in February 22, 1822. However, the census record states that she was born Feb. 1825. The census also states that both parents were born in Pennsylvania.
Okay the simple thing to do here is to contact Orange County and ask for an official death report for Sarah to see if you could confirm a connection. Well, it seems that no death report was filed. I mention this because, at the time, this area of Indiana was (Well, being kind.) remote. There was a law on the books since 1882 to make official reports on deaths, however in this area, some people either did not know the law or simply did not bother to make a report.
Yet another woman believed to have been a sister of Mary’s was Nancy Elliott. Nancy was born about 1825. There is a marriage license for Nancy Elliott and John S. Ruberson issued in Orange County on August 1, 1850. A check of the census suggests that she died some time around 1860, possibly in Indiana or Illinois.
The two brothers listed in Elizabeth Elliott Douglas’ obit are believed to have been John and William and are even harder to account for than the sisters. Referring back to the obit for Elizabeth Elliott Douglas, it mentions a brother in Indianapolis. There is a John Elliott in Perry Township, Marion County, Indiana listed on the 1900 census (of the correct age) but no death record listed at the Marion County Health Department (of the correct age) to check. Of course, the obit was written in 1896 and both brothers were older than Elizabeth (probably) and could have died prior to the 1900 census.
Okay, now back to Mary. The next available record is the 1880 census where we find Mary and Joseph living in Brown Township, Washington County. Also listed are five children: Franklin b. 1854, Rachel b. 1865, Dora E. b. 1866, Jessie H. b. 1871 and Effie R. b. 1876. The census states that Mary’s father was born in Kentucky and her mother born in Tennessee. Another child, William C., is listed as living in Mitchell, Lawrence County.
The 1870 census taken on the 8th of June 1870 finds Mary and Joseph living in Vernon Township, Washington County (Post Office, Lavonia.) with their children: Franklin17. William C. 15, Sarah A. 12, Rachel 5 and Elizabeth 4. If you compare the children from
the 1880 census you will see that Dora E. on 1880 and Elizabeth on 1870 were both born in 1866 so, I assume that they are one in the same person.
Moving on, literally and figuratively, the 1860 census lists Mary, Joseph and family in North East Township, Orange County, Indiana with children Franklin, William and Sarah. The family was living next door to John and Polly Ann Walker Elliott, perhaps her brother.
Another image above is a page from the official book of marriages of Washington County. This portion of the page states that a license was issued to Joseph Lockhart and Mary E. Elliott on August 2, 1852. Two other things to note, the last part of the license was not filled out so it unknown what date they were married and by whom and the license was signed by W(ashington) C(harles) DePauw, a cousin of Joseph.

The Washington Township, Washington County 1850 census (Household 359) lists the following:
Douglas, William 29 IN Farmer
Elizabeth 27 IN
James. H 6 IN
Mary J. 3 IN
Nancy M. 1 IN
Mary E. Elliot 18 IN (Elizabeth Elliott Douglas appears to be Mary's sister.)
All of the individuals were born in Indiana.
Now, another digression, my quest for the family of Mary E. Elliott Lockhart started a few months ago when I contacted Cindy Holsapple-Boone about her connections to the Elliott family of Washington County. Mrs. Holsapple-Boone was kind enough to send

some letters that she had received from other Elliott relatives. In a letter dated June 18, 1988 from Lila R. Pollick of California it states in part, that, "In a letter from Lena Clark to Clarence Douglass (I think) it was stated that Elizabeth had three sisters, Nancy m. Nate Ruberson; Sarah m. Crocket and Mary m. Lockhart. It also stated that she had two brothers namely John and William. She says that the parents were William and Mary Elliott."
So, we have Mary E. born in Indiana, her mother maybe named Mary born in Pennsylvania or Tennessee and her father probably named John or William born in Indiana, Kentucky or Pennsylvania.
Part of the information is this letter comes from a distant cousin, Cindy Holsappel-Boone, who is related through the Elliott line (probably) and the De Pauw line (definitely). In other words, we are distant, double cousins (probably).

**** NOTE: Washington County has kept records of deaths since 1882 but not all deaths are recorded. Saltillo Cemetery has records, but it seems only for deaths in Washington County. It therefore makes some sense to assume that Joseph died prior to 1882 in Brown Township or after 1882 in Lawrence County.


Sunday, May 3, 2009


In my last letter, I stated that the Wynge family was one of the most interesting family groups to which I am related. Of course, the word "interesting" is a code word for the phrase "nuttier that a fruit cake" and to confirm that statement, this letter will cover some of the life of the Reverend Stephen Bachiler. While I find some of his religious beliefs an embarrassment, his "contrariety" does seem to explain some of my own behavior. Bachiler was born in England about 1561, his birth location and parents are unknown at this time.
Most of the information is from: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002), (Orig. Pub. New England Historic Genealogical Society. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 3 vols., 1995). My comments are marked (*).
Additional information:
Stephen Bachiler led a most interesting life, filled with unusual twists and turns far beyond the norm. In the ensuing paragraphs we take a chronological tour of his nine decades, attempting along the way to resolve certain problems of interpretation. Stephen Bachiler entered college about 1581, and received his B.A. in 1586. On 17 July 1587 he was presented as vicar of Wherwell, Hampshire, and remained at that parish until he was ejected in 1605 [ NEHGR 46:60-61, citing Winchester diocesan records] (*Bachiler was also excommunicated from the Church of England). Bachiler began his long career of contrariety as early as 1593, when he was cited in Star Chamber (*Refers to an English court of law that sat at the royal Palace of Westminster until 1641.) for having "uttered in a sermon at Newbury very lewd speeches (*I had hoped to find a copy of the "lewd speeches" to include, but they, it seems, are no longer in existence.) tending seditiously to the derogation of her Majesty's government" (*Refers to Queen Elizabeth I)
[ NEHGR 74:319-20]. Upon the accession of James I as King of England, nearly a hundred ministers were deprived of their benefices between the years 1604 and 1609, and among these, as noted above, was Stephen Bachiler [Kenneth Fincham, Prelate as Pastor: The Episcopate of James I (Oxford 1990), p. 326].
Bachiler’s first marriage was about 1590 to [Anne?] _____, who was closely related in some way to Reverend John Bate, Bachiler's successor as vicar of Wherwell; she died sometime between 1610 and 1624. (Although this first wife's given name is stated to be "Anne" by many authorities, there is no record evidence to support this.) The known children from this marriage:
i NATHANIEL, b. about 1590;
ii DEBORAH, b. about 1592 (aged 32, 22 June 1624 [ Waters 520]); m. by 1611 John
Wing [ Waters 519-20]; she and her children came to New England in 1632 and resided at Sandwich. (*Our direct relative.)
iii STEPHEN, b. about 1594; matriculated at Oxford 18 June 1610 from Magdalen College, aged 16, son of a minister, from Southampton [i.e., Hampshire] [ Foster 1:53]; "Stephen Bachiler of Edmund Hall" was ordained deacon at Oxford 19 September 1613 [Bishop's Register, Diocese of Oxford]; with his father, accused in 1614 of circulating slanderous verses; no further record.
iv SAMUEL, b. say 1597; lived at Gorcum in Holland, where he was a minister, and had a wife and children
v ANN, b. about 1601 (aged 30 in 1631 [ Waters 520]); m. (1) by about 1620 _____ Samborne; m. (2) Strood, Kent, 20 January 1631/2 Henry Atkinson.
vi THEODATE, b. say 1610; m. by about 1635 Christopher Hussey.
Bachiler was living at Wherwell late in 1606 when he was a legatee in the will of Henry Shipton [ NEHGR 74:320]. A case in Star Chamber in 1614 still refers to Bachiler as of Wherwell, and adds much other useful information about the family. George Wighley, a minister and Oxford graduate, accused Stephen Bachiler of Wherwell, clerk, Stephen Bachiler, his son, John Bate of Wherwell, clerk, and others of libeling him, by means of verses ridiculing him. In the course of the complaint Wighley quotes John Bate as saying he would keep a copy of the poem "as a monument of his cousin's the said Stephen Bacheler the younger his wit, who is in truth his cousin" [Star Chamber Proc. James I 297/25, 1614]. (*In one biography of Bachiler, these three are described as doing a dance while singing the poem. Now I don’t know about you, but I always get a good laugh, well at least a broad smile, while thinking about these three Puritan clerics, dressed in very black clothes, large white collar and a wide brim black hat and dancing around singing a verse of poetry that degrades another minister.)
On 28 April 1614 Stephen Bachiler was a free suitor (*freeholder) of Newton Stacey at the view of frankpledge (*This term is a goody! And, I will leave you to decide what it means.) of the Barton Stacey Manorial Court, and was a free suitor of Barton Stacey at the court of 2 October 1615.
On 19 February 1615[/6?] Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverell, Essex, bequeathed £5 to "Mr. Bachelour," and Stephen Bachiler was one of the witnesses [ Waters 518-19]. On 11 June 1621 Adam Winthrop, father of Governor John Winthrop, reported that "Mr. Bachelour the preacher dined with us" at Groton, Suffolk [ WP 1:235]. Although this might conceivably be the younger Stephen Bachiler, who had been ordained as a deacon late in 1613, the man referred to in these records is more likely the elder Stephen. Since he is well recorded as a resident of Newton Stacey both before and after this time, he must have made occasional visits to East Anglia.
The Hampshire feet of fines (*A popular way of conveying freehold property,)
show that "Stephen Bachiler, clerk," acquired land in Newton Stacey in 1622 and 1629, and sold it in 1630 and 1631 [ Batchelder Gen 76-77]. While at Newton Stacey (a village within the parish of Barton Stacey) Bachiler had managed to incite the parishioners of Barton Stacey to acts that came to the attention of the sheriff, who petitioned for redress to the King in Council; the complaint described Bachiler as "a notorious inconformist"
[ NEHGR 46:62, citing Domestic Calendar of State Papers, 1635]. In summary, while there are gaps in the English career of Bachiler, it would appear that he lived at Wherwell for most of the years from his induction there in 1587 until 1614, and that he then resided in Newton Stacey from 1614 until 1631, shortly before his departure for New England.
(*This story is not exactly chronological, but I am sure that you will forgive me!)
"The year of Mr. Bachelor's departure from England Sir Robert Paine was Sheriff of Hampshire, and was also chosen churchwarden of the parish of Barton Stacey, which adjoined the parish of Wherwell, — where Mr. Bachelor had been the minister. At any rate Sir Robert, three years later, found himself in very serious difficulties which he ascribed to the influence of the teaching of Mr. Bachelor as follows:
1635, Dec. 1. Petition of Sir Robert Paine to the same [i.e. the Council]. Petitioner being in 1G32 Sheriff of Hants, was also chosen Churchwarden of Barton Stacey1 in the same county, and finding the church and chancel ruinous and indecent, at his own charge beautified some part thereof, intending and offering fair hangings for the chancel. But some of the parishioners, petitioner's tenants, having been formerly misled by Stephen Bachelor, a notorious inconformist, had demolished a consecrated chapel at Newton Stacey, neglected the repair of their parish church, maliciously opposed petitioner's intent, and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the bishop. There being divers suits in the ecclesiastical and temporal courts between petitioner and Robert Cooper and others, his tenants of the manor of Barton Stacey, the Lords on complaint directed three trials at law, and in the meantime ordered all the suits to be stayed. Petitioner has conformed to that order, but his tenants have slighted the same, and have sued him in the Ecclesiastical Court at Winchester, presented him in the Archbishop's metro political visitation, and served him with a subpoena for costs for not filing a bill against them in the Star Chamber. Prays that he may be allowed to proceed against them in the High Commission upon articles exhibited two years ago." The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, V. XII, 1911, citing Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1695, pp. 520-521. (*I could not find a record of the neglected repair and demolition however I did find in the history section of All Saints, Barton Stacey (Photo above) the following: "1635 All Saints at Barton Stacey, The church is noted as being in a "ruinous state". So, I guess that not only did Bachiler make very lewd speeches, sing and dance to verse, he also incited to riot. Sounds like a relative of mine!)
Bachiler’s second and third marriages: 2) Abbots Ann, Hampshire, 2 March 1623/4 Christian Weare, widow [ GDMNH 81]; she died before 26 March 1627.
(*Some bios do not claim Weare as a wife of Stephen, however there is an entry at Abbots Ann for this marriage.)
(3) Abbots Ann, Hampshire, 26 March 1627 Helena Mason, widow (of Reverend Thomas Mason) [ GDMNH 81]; she was aged 48 in 1631, so born about 1583 [ Waters 520]; died by 3 May 1647 [ WP 5:153].
Bachiler apparently lived briefly at South Stoneham, Hampshire, after disposing of his land at Newton Stacey, for that is the residence he gave for himself and wife on 23 June 1631 when he was applying for permission to travel to Flushing in Holland "to visit their sons and daughters" [ Waters 520]. (*There is some discussion if the English government wanted to let him out of the country or else, once out of the country, whether to let him back into the country. I could not find proof that he ever went to Holland.)
At about this same time Stephen Bachiler allied himself with a group of London merchants to form the Plough Company, which had obtained a grant of land in the neighborhood of Saco (Present day Maine.). The Plough Company managed to send two groups of settlers to New England, in the Plough in 1631 and the William & Francis in1632 (*Governor Winthrop records Batchiler’s arrival on the W & F on June 5, 1632.), but they were never able to occupy their patent, and the company soon failed. (For a full account of this ill-starred enterprise, see V.C. Sanborn, "Stephen Bachiler and the Plough Company of 1630," The Genealogist , New Series, 19 [1903]:270-84, and the sources cited there.)
Shortly after his arrival in New England in 1632, Stephen Bachiler settled at Saugus (later to be called Lynn), where he immediately began to organize a church. Over the next four years Bachiler and a portion of his congregation were repeatedly at odds with the rest of the congregation and with the colony authorities, and by early 1636 Bachiler had ceased to minister at Lynn [ GMN 1:20].
After his departure from Lynn, Bachiler is supposed to have resided in Ipswich, and to have received a grant of land there in 1636 or 1637, but no contemporary evidence for this has been found. Bachiler's next adventure occurred in the winter of 1637/8, for Winthrop tells us in his journal, in an entry made in late March of that year, that "Another plantation was now in hand at Mattakeese [Yarmouth], six miles beyond Sandwich. The undertaker of this was one Mr. Batchellor, late pastor of Sagus, (since called Lynn), being about seventy-six years of age; yet he walked thither (*Does anyone know how to walk thither?) on foot in a very hard season. He and his company, being all poor men, finding the difficulty, gave it over, and others undertook it" [ WJ 1:313].
Bachiler then resided for about a year at Newbury, where he received a grant of land on 6 July 1638. Bachiler also seems to have been able to organize a church at Newbury (or to keep in existence the church that he had earlier organized at Lynn). In a letter dated 26
February 1643/4 the minister, recounting his various experiences in New England, told how "the Lord shoved me thence [i.e., after his arrival in 1632, and the failure of the
Plough Company] by another calling to Sagust, then, from Sagust to Newbury, then from Newbury to Hampton" [ WP 4:447]. Later in 1644 Winthrop pointed out that "Mr.
Batchellor had been in three places before, and through his means, as was supposed, the churches fell to such divisions, as no peace could be till he was removed" [ WJ 2:216-17]. These records indicate that Bachiler headed churches in three towns (Lynn, Newbury and Hampton), or possibly that the church organized in Lynn had a continuous existence as it moved to Newbury and then to Hampton [see GMN 4:20-21 for a more detailed discussion of these possibilities]. Above is a map of Old Hampton showing Bachiler’s residence underlined in red and Timothy Dalton’s residence to the right marked with a red star.
In the summer of 1639 Stephen Bachiler and some other families, many of them from Newbury, began the settlement of Hampton, and Bachiler was soon joined there by Reverend Timothy Dalton, who shared the pulpit with him. As had happened throughout his life, controversy soon arose. In 1641 Winthrop reported that Bachiler "being about 80 years of age, and having a lusty comely woman to his wife, did solicit the chastity of his neighbor's wife" [ WJ 2:53], and this led to an attack on him by Dalton and a large portion of the Hampton congregation. These charges were apparently not resolved at the
time, but in 1643-4, when the town of Exeter invited Bachiler to be their minister, the

affair was raised again, and this was sufficient to prevent his removal to that church [GMN 4:21-22]. (*Apparently Reverend Dalton prevailed at the time and had Bachiler excommunicated from this church. Good track record, Bachiler in 1605 had been excommunicated from the Church of England and now the Congregational Church. He was also apparently reinstated in the Church within two years.) (*"did solicit the chastity of his neighbor's wife"!!! HA, HA, HA!, why you old dog you! It is only fair to state that this allegation does not seem to have been proven.)
Stephen Bachiler’s 4th marriage:
4) by 14 February 1648 Mary (_____) Beedle, widow of Robert Beedle [ Kittery Hist 95-96]; she soon left her husband, and cohabited with George Rogers at Kittery. (*Now this story is just too funny! I will keep a straight face and make only sparse comments, you fill in the gaps.)
At about this time Bachiler's ministry at Hampton ceased, and he soon moved to Strawberry Bank [Portsmouth], where he remained until his return to England. On 9 April 1650 at a Quarterly Court held at Salisbury, "Mr. Steven Bacheller [was] fined for not publishing his marriage according to law." At the same court it was ordered "that Mr. Bacherler and Mary his wife shall live together, as they publicly agreed to do, and if either desert the other, the marshal to take them to Boston to be kept until next quarter Court of Assistants, to consider a divorce.... In case Mary Bacheller live out of this jurisdiction without mutual consent for a time, notice of her absence to be given the magistrates at Boston" [ EQC 1:191].
On 15 October 1650 at a court at York "George Rodgers & Mrs. Batcheller [were] presented upon vehement suspicion of incontinency for living in one house together & lying in one room" [ MPCR 1:146]. At a court at Piscataqua [i.e., Kittery] on 16 October 1651 the grand jury presented "George Rogers for, & Mary Batcheller the wife of Mr. Steven Bacheller minister for adultery"; George Rogers was to have forty strokes, and Mary Bachiler "for her adultery shall receive 40 strokes save one at the first town meeting held at Kittery six weeks after the delivery & be branded with the letter A" [MPCR 1:164].
Stephen Bachiler returned to England after these events, and most secondary sources claim that he made that trip in 1654 when his grandson Stephen Samborne returned to England. On 2 October 1650 "Steven Bachiler" witnessed a deed between Christopher Hussey (grantor) and Steven Sanborn and Samuel Fogg (grantees) [ NLR 1:19]; this is the last certain record of Bachiler in New England (unless the "Mr. Batchelder" who was presented at court on 28 June 1652 for being illegally at the house of John Webster is our man [ NHPP 40:87-88]). (*The record does not state if this offence was trespass or robbery, but it sounds like our Stephen.)
Although a number of records in New England between 1651 and 1654 mentioned
Stephen Bachiler, none of them necessarily implies that Bachiler was still in New
England, and a few indicate that he was not in close proximity to the courts in question. In a court held at Hampton on 7 October 1651, Francis Pebodie sued Tho[mas] Bradbury for "issuing an illegal execution, for or in behalf of Mr. Batcheller, against the town of Hampton" [ EQC 1:236]. On 14 October 1651 the Massachusetts Bay General Court ordered that "in answer to a petition preferred by several of the inhabitants of Hampton, for relief in respect of unjust molestation from some persons there pretending power for what they do from Mr. Batchelor, it is ordered, that whatsoever goods or lands have been taken away from any of the inhabitants of Hampton, aforesaid, by Edward Calcord or Joh[n] Sanbourne, upon pretence of being authorized by Mr. Batchelor, either with or without execution, shall be returned to them from whom it was taken, & the execution to be called in, & no more to be granted until there appear sufficient power from Mr. Batchelor to recover the same, to the County Courts, either of Salsbury or Hampton" [ MBCR 3:253]. Apparently John Sanborn and others were pursuing the interests of Stephen Bachiler in his absence, but without a proper power of attorney. It might be argued that he was in Strawberry Bank [Portsmouth], but unable to come to Hampton, but there is no indication that he was ill or unable to travel at any time in his long life, and the more likely explanation is that he was already in England by October of 1651. At a court held at Hampton on 3 October 1654 "Mr. Batcheller's letter of attorney to Mr. Christopher Hussie [was] approved" [ EQC 1:372]. (*Even while Bachiler was no where in sight, he was still causing problems.)
Stephen Bachiler died in London and was buried on 31 October 1656 [ NHGR 8:14-17]. Among many remarkable lives lived by early New Englanders, Bachiler's is the most remarkable. From 1593, when he was cited before Star Chamber, until 1654, when he last makes a mark on New England records, this man lived a completely independent and vigorous life, never acceding to any authority when he thought he was correct. Along
with Nathaniel Ward of Ipswich, Stephen Bachiler was one of the few Puritan ministers active in Elizabethan times to survive to come to New England. As such he was a man out of his times, for Puritanism in Elizabethan times was different from what it became in the following century, and this disjunction may in part account for Bachiler's stormy career in New England [Simon P. Newman, "Nathaniel Ward, 1580-1652: An Elizabethan Puritan in a Jacobean World," EIHC 127:313-26]. But Nathaniel Ward did not have anything like as much trouble, and most of Bachiler's conflicts may be ascribed to his own unique character.
Earliest surviving parish register of Allhallows Staining (MS 17824), Steeven Batchiller Minester that dyed att Robert Barbers was buryed in the new church yard Octob 31th 1656"
Receipts by Richard Pockley, churchwarden:
"Received for Stephen Bachilers knell 000 - 01 - 06"
Additional notes:
The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume LXXIV, 1920, pages 319-320. In the printed volumes Acts of the Privy Council, , meeting of the Council in the Star Chamber on May 29, 1593, the following entry is recorded:
"A letter to the Lord Bishop of Winton, Mr Doctor Bilson and the rest:
"Whereas we perceave by your letters of the xxvijth of this presente month and the examinacions therewith sent, that Steven Bachiler, vicar of Wherwel in your Dioces, hath uttered in a sermon at Newbuiry verie lewd speeches tending sediciously to the derogacion of her Majesties government, and that you have examined and committed him til farther direction from us in this behalf:
"Theis shalbe to praie and require your Lordship &c., to send the said Stephen Bachiler under safe custodie up hither to me the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury with such further mater and proof as hath sithhene fallen owt, to be proceded with according the nature and qualitie of his offene and the laws of this realm:
"So, not doubting of your care in the due performaunce hereof, etc."
(*The above letter was written by the Archbishop of Canterbury, John Whitgift. Whitgift was not known for his leniency in church nor government matters. In 1593, the year that he summoned Bachiler hither under safe custody, he got a law passed making Puritanism an offence against the statute law and had a Welsh cleric hung for criticizing the Church. I do wonder what Bachiler was thinking while going "hither", under arrest. There seems to be no additional information on this proceeding but Bachiler returned to his parish at Wherwell and remained in office until 1605, so he either did some very fast talking or had friends in high places. Not wanting to assume too much: Hither, Middle English, adverb: To or toward this place.)
Following is the official entry in the records for George Rogers and Mary Bachiler.
The case of the woman branded for adultery first appeared in the records of York, in what is now Maine. Dated 15 October 1651, the entry reads:
"We do present George Rogers for, & Mary Batchellor the wife of Mr. Steven Batcheller minister for adultery. It is ordered by ye Court yt George Rogers for his adultery with mis Batcheller shall forthwith have fourty stripes save one upon the bare skine given him: It is ordered yt mis Batcheller for her adultery shall receive 40 stroakes save one at ye First Towne meeting held at Kittery, 6 weekes after her delivery & be branded with the letter A."
Few original references to Bachiler's early life in England have come down to us. In Winthrop's "History of New England," in the account of Bachiler's excommunication from the Hampton church, it is said that he "had suffered much at the hands of the bishops in England." Thomas Prince, in his short account of Bachiler, said that "(From governor Winslow and captain Johnson we learn, that) he was an ancient minister in England; had been a man of fame in his day;" etc.
We know that Bachiler was presented, 17 July 1587, by William West, Lord de la Warr, to the vicarage of Wherwell in Hampshire, and that on 9 Aug. 1605 John Bate was made vicar there because of the ejection of Stephen Bachiler. " No record has been found of the date of this ejection.
In a letter addressed to Governor John Winthrop, he complained bitterly of Timothy Dalton, teacher at the Hampton church of which Mr. Bachiler was pastor:
"I see not how I can depart till I have, God forgive me, cleared and vindicated the cause and wrongs I have suffered of the church I yet live in; that is from the teacher (indeed) who hath done all and been the cause of all the dishonor that hath acrew'd to God, shame to myself, and griefs to all God's people. By his irregular proceedings and abuse of the power of the church in his hand by the major part cleaving to him, being his countrymen and acquaintance in old England.
"The teacher's act of his excommunicationing me would prove the foulest matter, both for the cause alleged of that excommunication, and the impulsive cause (even wrath and revenge), and also the manner of all his preceding throughout to the very end; and lastly, his keeping me under bonds."

The Family Poore, Prehistory to the Present
By: James H. Creighton
October 12, 2001
6. Rev. Stephen Bachiler (Bachelor) 1556-1656 this man can be called the symbol of the century in which he lived. Born in Hampshire during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, he studied under some of the most famous religious leaders of his time. He was schooled at Oxford’s St. John’s College under such people as Lawrence Humphrey, John Harmer, Thomas Kingsmill, Edward Cradocke and John Rainoldes, who was also the head of the Puritan Church. A fellow student was Henry Cromwell, uncle of Oliver the Protector.
In 1586 Stephen Bachiler became the chaplain to Lord Baron De la Warr (Delaware), whose home estate was at Wherwell, Hampshire. The following year he became Vicar of Wherwell, once a Saxon abbey in 986AD and home of the first Lord la Warr, Thomas West. By chance, Wherwell was in the center of Poore localities in Hampshire. It was just east of Andover and but a few miles to Nether Wallop and the Amesbury Poore estates beyond. By 1596 Lord de la Warr had died and his son, Thomas West, 3rd. Lord Baron De la Warr and future governor (1610) of Virginia promoted Bachiler by giving him money and land. Bachiler was influential in West’s marriage to the daughter of Sir Francis Knollys, founder of the Baptist Church.
Throughout this time, Bachiler preached the reformist doctrine learned at Oxford, harboring on Separatist views of the Pilgrims. His fame as a minister and vicar of Wherwell spread far and wide however, even though the nearby Winchester and Salisbury bishoprics were strongly anti-Puritan. Divisions rose between King James, his bishops and the ever-growing Puritan factions. The showdown happened in 1604 with the Royal Council at Hampton Court. Thomas West, Rev. Bachiler and many others attended, only to hear the king denounce the Puritan movement. The following year Bachiler left Wherwell along with a good portion of his followers. Some joined with the "Pilgrim" dissidents in Holland. He may have taken his family there for a time, but they seem to have traveled back and forth for years as he preached wherever he could.
He was married and had many children, now mostly grown. There is no record as to who his first wife was, but Thomas West in 1610, the year that he became Governor of Virginia, sent the younger Stephen Bachiler to the West family school of Magdalen College at Oxford. Rev. Bachiler found many financial supporters during his wandering years, in Berkshire, Essex and Hampshire. In 1621 he was in Suffolk and dining with Adam Winthrop at his home near Colchester, perhaps discussing the Plymouth Plantation, newly founded in New England.
I think that the old minister and scholar had an impact on the entire Winthrop family. Here was a homeless 65-year-old itinerant preacher who had the ear and support of Lord De la Warr. His children were Southampton merchants, regimental officers, and wives of Christopher Hussey, Rev. John Wing and John Samborne. He had a following of staunch Puritan parishioners, although he had no church.
The Bachiler entourage eventually found a safe haven at Newton Stacy, directly across the river from Wherwell, Hampshire. From 1622-1630 he established a church there for his followers, meeting the Dummer family of Swathling and Bishopstoke in the process.

Excerpts on the Rev. Stephen Bachiler from the History of Lynn by Alonzo Lewis (1829)
p.41 (1632) The Reverend Stephen Batchelor, with his family, arrived at Boston on Thursday, the fifth of June. He came in the ship William and Francis, captain Thomas, which sailed from London on the ninth of March, with about sixty passengers. He immediately came to Lynn, where his daughter resided, and fixed his abode here. He was now 71 years of age. In his company were six persons who had belonged to a church with him in England ; and of those he constituted a church at Lynn, to which he admitted such as were desirous of becoming members, and immediately commenced the exercise of the ministerial duties, without installation.
p.42 (1632) Mr. Batchelor had been in the performance of his pastoral duties about four months, when a complaint was made of some irregularities in his conduct. He was arraigned before the court at Boston, on the third of October, when the following order was passed. "Mr. Bachelr is required to forbeare exerciseing his giftes as a pastr or teacher publiquely in or Patent, unlesse it be to those he brought with him, for his contempt of authority, and till some scandles be removed." (Source: Col. Rec.)
p.43 (1633) In the course of a few months, Mr. Batchelor so far succeeded in regaining the esteem of the people, that the court, on the fourth of March, removed their injunction, that he should not preach in the colony, and left him at liberty to resume the performance of his public services.
p.51 (1635) The dissentions which had commenced in Mr. Batchelor's church at an early period, began again to assume a formidable appearance. Some of the members, disliking the conduct of the pastor, and "withall making question whether they were a church or not," (Source: Winthrop) withdrew from the communion. In consequence of this, a council of ministers was held on the fifteenth of March. Being unable to produce a reconciliation, they appointed another meeting, and went to attend a lecture at Boston. Mr. Batchelor then requested the disaffected members to present their grievances in writing, but as they refused, he resolved to excommunicate them, and wrote to the ministers at Boston, who immediately returned to Lynn. After a deliberation of three days, they decided, that although the church had not been properly instituted, yet the mutual exercise of their religious duties had supplied the defect.
p.53 (1635) The difficulties in Mr. Batchelor's church did not cease with the decision of the council, but continued to increase ; till Mr. Batchelor, perceiving no prospect of their termination, requested a dismission for himself and first members, which was granted.
p.54-7 (1636) Mr. Batchelor had been readily dismissed from his pastoral charge, in the expectation that he would desist from its exercise or remove from town ; instead of which, be renewed his covenant with the persons who came with him from England, intending to continue his ministrations. The people opposed this design, and complained to the magistrates, who forbade his proceeding. Finding that he disregarded their injunctions, and refused to appear before them, they sent the marshall to compel him. He was brought before the court of Assistants, at Boston, in January, and discharged on engaging to leave the town within three months. There are reasons for supposing Mr. Batchelor to have been censurable; but the court seem to have been somewhat arbitrary
in compelling him to leave the town.
The Reverend Stephen Batchelor was born in England, in the year 1561, and received orders in the established Church. In the early part of his life he enjoyed a good reputation, but being displeased with some of the ceremonies of the Church, and refusing to continue his conformity, lie was deprived of his permission to perform her services. The Church has been much censured for her severity, and all uncharitableness and persecution are to be deprecated ; but in ejecting her ministers for nonconformity, after they had approved her mode of worship, and engaging themselves in the support of her doctrines, the Church is no more censurable than all other communities, with whom the same practice is common. On leaving England, Mr. Batchelor went with his family to Holland, where he resided several years. He then returned to London, from which place he sailed on the ninth of March 1632, for New England. He came to Lynn about the middle of June, and continued his ministerial labours, with interruption, for about three years. He was admitted a freeman on the sixth of May, 1635, and removed from Lynn in February, 1636. He went to Ipswich, where he received a grant of fifty acres of land, and had the prospect of a settlement ; but some difficulty having arisen, he left the place. In the very cold winter of 1637, he went on foot, with some of his friends to Matakeese, now Yarmouth, a distance of about one hundred miles. There he intended to plant a town and establish a church ; but finding the difficulties great, and "his company being all poor men," he relinquished the design. He then went to Newbury, where, on the sixth of July, 1638, the town granted to him and his son-in-law, Christopher Hussey, two portions of land which had formerly been given to Edward Rawson, Secretary of State, and Mr. Edward Woodman. On the sixth of September, the General Court of Massachusetts, granted him permission to commence a settlement at Winicowett, now Hampton in New Hampshire. In 1639, the inhabitants of Ipswich voted to give him sixty acres of land on Whortleberry Hill, and twenty acres of meadow, if he would relinquish their previous grant of fifty acres, and reside with them three years; but he did not accept their invitation. On the fifth of July, he and Christopher Hussey sold their houses and lands in Newbury to Mr. John Oliver, for "six score pounds," and went to Hampton, where a town was begun, and a church gathered, of which Mr. Batchelor became the minister. He had not resided there long before dissentions commenced, and the people were divided between him and his colleague, Mr. Timothy Dalton. In 1641 he was accused of irregular conduct, and was excommunicated. Soon after, his house took fire, and was consumed, with nearly all his property. In 1643, he was restored to the communion, but not to the office of minister. In 1644, the people of Exeter invited him to settle with them ; but the General Court of Massachusetts, on the twenty ninth of May, sent an order to forbid his settlement till they should grant permission. On the twentieth of April, 1647, he was at "Strawberry Bank," now Portsmouth, where he resided three years. In 1650, he married his third wife, being then nearly ninety years of age, and in May, was fined by the court, ten pounds, for not publishing his marriage according to law; half of which fine was remitted in October. In the same year the court passed the following order, in consequence of a matrimonial disagreement.
It is ordered by this Court, that Mr. Batchelor and his wife shall lyve together as man and wife, as in this Court they have publiquely professed to doe, and if either desert one another, then hereby the Court doth order that ye Marshall shall apprehend both ye said Mr. Batchelor and Mary his wife, and bring them forthwith to Boston, there to be kept till the next Quarter Court of assistants, that farther consideration thereof may be had, both of them moving for a divorce, and this order shall be sufficient warrant soe to doe, provided notwithstanding, that if they put in £50, each of them, for their appearance, with such sureties, as the Commissioners, or any one of them for the County shall think good to accept of, that then they shall be under their baile to appear at the next Court of assistants, and in case Mary Batchelor shall live out of the jurisdiction, "without mutual consent for a time," that then the Clarke shall give notice to magistrate att Boston of her absence, that farther order may be taken therein."
Soon after this order, Mr. Batchelor returned to England, where he married his fourth wife, his third wife Mary being still living. In October, 1656, she petitioned the court, in the following words, to free her from her husband.
"To the Honored Govt Deputy Governor with the Magistrates and Deputies at the General Court at Boston. The humble petition of Mary Bacheler Sheweth Whereas your petitioner having formerly lived with Mr. Steven Bacheler a minister in this Collany as his lawfull wife & not unknown to divers of you as I conceive, and the said Mr. Bacheler upon some pretended ends of his owne hath transported himselfe unto ould England for many years since and betaken himselfe to another wife as your petitioner hath often been credibly informed, and there continueth, whereby your petitioner is left destitute not only of a guide to her and her children, but also made uncapable thereby of disposing herselfe in the way of marriage to any other without a lawful permission, and having now two children upon her hands that are chargeable to her in regard to a disease God hath been pleased to lay upon them both, which is not easily curable, and so weakened her estate in prosecuting the means of cure that she is not able longer to subsist without utter ruining her estate, or exposing herself to the common charity of others, which your petitioner is loth to put herself upon, if it may be lawfully avoided as is well known to all or most part of her neighbours. And were she free from her engagement to Mr. Bachelor, might probably soe dispose of herselfe as that she might obtain a meet helpe to assist her to procure such means for her livelyhood and the recovery of her children's health, as might keep them from perishing, which your petitioner to her great grief is much afraid of, if not timely prevented. Your petitioner's humble request therefore is that this Honored Court would be pleased seriously to consider her condition for matter of her relief in her freedom from the said Mr. Bachelor, and that she may be at liberty to dispose of herselfe in respect of any engagement to him as in your wisdomes shall seem most expedient, and your petitioner shall humbly pray &c. Mary Bacheler" (Source: Colonial Files)
At this time Mr. Batchelor must have been in the ninety sixth year of his age. How much

longer he lived, and how many more wives he married, is unknown. He has long since gone to his last account, and his errors and follies, of whatever kind, must be left to the adjustment of that tribunal, before which all must appear. He had undoubtedly many virtues, or he would not have had many friends, and they would not have continued with him through all the changes of his fortune. Mr. Prince says that he was "a man of fame in his day, a gentleman of learning and ingenuity, and wrote a fine and curious hand.